Sarvodaya Movement- Objectives & Significance | Gandhi Concept of Sarvodaya

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Sarvodaya Movement was started by Gandhi, and the meaning of Sarvodaya is Progress for all or Universal Lift. The Movement was viewed as an effort of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement. The main aim of the Sarvodaya Movement was to build a new India that was based on love and non-violence. Sarvodaya’s term was first used by Gandhi in his 1908 translation of John Ruskin’s tract on political economy ‘Unto This Last’. Sarvodaya Movement was indeed a powerful movement that shaped India’s economic and socio-independence.

Sarvodaya Movement is an important topic from the UPSC Exam point of view. That’s why we have discussed all the key information about this movement in detail here. It would help the aspirants in their preparation.

What is Sarvodaya Movement?

Sarvodaya Movement aims to create a society that uses the politics of cooperation and not the politics of power. Vinoba Bhav, an Indian nonviolent activist, embraces this term as the name for the social movement after independence.

Sarvodaya Movement was all about establishing new social order based on love and non-violence. It also aims to create a social order from every form of authority. This movement believes in the values of freedom, equality, and fraternity. Sarvodaya Movement is all about ensuring the welfare of all citizens and society as a whole.

Objectives of the Sarvodaya Movement

The movement is not all about the welfare of individuals but society as a whole. The objectives of the Sarvodaya Movement have mentioned below:

Spiritualism– the movement gave emphasis to the spiritual domain and believes that it is supreme over the materialistic domain. It encourages people to do noble deeds and focus on the ideas of spiritualism instead of shallow thoughts.

Peace– as we have mentioned above, Sarvodaya Movement promotes peace, and it has no place for non-violence. It supports the idea of a government that allows freedom to the citizens.

Economic Equality– the movement believed that economic equality could give financial independence to a nation. The movement suggested that equal pay according to labor should be given.

Democratic Nation– Sarvodaya Movement advocates democracy without the political parties. The movement was against the powerful political parties that were reducing freedom and the ideals of democracy.

Moral and Ethical Values– the craze for power is encouraging people to adopt non-violent and manipulative ways. Due to this, people lose their morals and ethics to gain wealth and achieve power. The Sarvodaya Movement attempts to rectify such behavior and help to enhance moral and spiritual values.

Bhoodan Movement- just like the name suggests, the Bhoodan movement was all about convincing the rich people with a large area to donate a part of their land to the poor. This was started by Vinoba Bhave. This is also known as Bloodless Revolution.

Significance of the Sarvodaya Movement

The Sarvodaya Movement focuses on the welfare of all Individuals and society as a whole. It aims to uplift both the rich and poor classes in society.

  • Sarvodaya Movement doesn’t discriminate against people based on their colour, religion, caste, gender or social or economic status.
  • The Movement ensures that every human is treated equally. It is also focused on establishing a community based on non-violence where freedom is given.
  • However, these thoughts are not practical for the modern world. These noble thoughts won’t help build a nation.
  • It is a nearly impossible task to build a society based on the principles of Gandhi.

Sarvodaya Movement UPSC

Candidates preparing for the UPSC Exam must remember all the important movements. Sarvodaya Movement is an important topic in the UPSC Syllabus, and candidates must have knowledge of this particular topic. To help the candidates during their preparation, we have covered Sarvodaya Movement UPSC notes here. Candidates can also dig deeper into this topic with the help of UPSC Books.

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