Why do we often use the term Indian Peninsula?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The term Indian peninsula is often used because India is surrounded by water on three sides: The Arabian Sea on the west, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean on the south. The term “peninsula” refers to a landmass that is covered by water on three sides and land on one.

The Indian subcontinent is a geographical region located in Southern Asia. It is located on the Indian Plate, which extends southward from the Himalayas into the Indian Ocean.

Term Indian Peninsula

Geographically, it is the peninsular region of South Asia, bounded to the north by the Himalayas, to the west by the Hindu Kush, and to the east by the Arakan. The Tibetan Plateau to the north, the Indochinese Peninsula to the east, the Iranian Plateau to the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south are the geographical regions surrounding the subcontinent.

The Indian peninsula is bounded by the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal, and the Arabian Sea on three sides. The Indian Peninsula refers to the southern region of the Indian subcontinent that tapers towards the Indian Ocean. Aside from the three mentioned bodies of water, the peninsula contains numerous plateaus and hill ranges.

On one side, the country is also surrounded by land. The following are the country’s physiographic divisions:

Peninsular Plateau

The Peninsular Plateau is one of the oldest and the most stable landmass. It contains wide valleys along with hills. It was formed due to the disintegration of the Gondwana Land. The Peninsular Plateau is made up of metamorphic and igneous rocks. It is broadly divided into two types:

  • Central Highlands
  • Deccan Plateau

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