Why Bryophytes are known as Amphibians of Plant Kingdom?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Bryophytes are known as the amphibians of the plant kingdom because despite living in soil, they require water for fertilization and reproduction. Bryophytes include mosses, hornworts, and liverworts. Bryon, which refers to mosses, and phyton, which refers to plants, are the roots of the word Bryophyta. This explains why bryophytes prefer moist, humid settings and do not have vascular tissue.

Bryophytes: Amphibians of Plant Kingdom

Bryophyte is a traditional term referring to a non-vascular seedless plant such as mosses or hornworts. Since they lack vascular tissues and are seedless plants, they do not produce flowers but reproduce through spores.

  • These small plants grow in moist and humid areas, requiring water for reproduction and fertilization.
  • The sperms of bryophytes are called antherozoids and they are flagellated, which is why they need water to swim in the eggs.
  • For asexual reproduction, they need water. Because they can live both on land and in water, they are called amphibians in the plant kingdom.
  • “Bryology” is the study of bryophytes.
  • Small, non-vascular plants known as bryophytes include mosses, liverworts, and hornworts.
  • They are essential for maintaining ecosystem balance because they provide a necessary buffer for other plants, which coexist with bryophytes and benefit from the water and nutrients they collect.

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