Which State in India has the Lowest Population?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Sikkim has the Least Population in India. Among the union territories, Lakshadweep also has a very small population. According to the Census of 2011, the population of Lakshadweep is 64473, and Sikkim has a population of 607,688. Hence, Sikkim is considered the least populous state in India. In the same census, Uttar Pradesh has declared the most populous state, with a population of 19.06 crores.

Indian State With Lowest Population

If we consider the whole country, the lowest population is Lakshadweep, but when you only consider states, Sikkim has the lowest population. The capital and largest city of Sikkim is Gangtok. Sikkim’s economy depends on tourism, and it has the 3rd smallest GDP among the Indian States as of the 2014 data.

Sikkim shares its border with 3 countries, viz., China, Nepal, and Bhutan. Due to this, Sikkim is crucial to the country’s geopolitics. It plays an important role because of its complicated border. Khangchendzonga National Park covers 35% of the state area. It is famous for its tourist locations and beautiful landscapes on which the majority of its economy depends.

Facts about the Population of Indian States

Here are the important facts related to states based on the 2011 census in the table below:

Fact State
Highest Population Density Bihar
Lowest Population Density Arunachal Pradesh
Highest Population Uttar Pradesh
Lowest Population Sikkim
Highest Sex Ratio Kerala
Lowest Sex Ratio Haryana
Highest Literacy Rate Kerala
Lowest Literacy Rate Bihar

Sikkim is the smallest and least populous state in the country. The state relies on agriculture and tourism and has some of the most striking landscapes in the country. Many people often mistake Sikkim for being a part of the seven sisters of India. However, that is not true. Sikkim is a northeastern state, but it is not one of the seven sisters.

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