Which is the Oldest Coal Mine in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Oldest Coal Mine in India is the Raniganj Coal Field, located in Raniganj. In 1774, it was mined for the first time. Raniganj Coalfield was the place where India’s coal mining history began. Coal was discovered in 1774 by British East India Company employees John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Heatley near Athora, a community development block in what is now Salanpur.

Oldest Coal Mine in India

Early mining and exploration activities were carried out carelessly. Regular mining started in 1820 under the supervision of the company Alexander & Co. The collieries were purchased by Prince Dwarkanath Tagore in 1835, and Carr, Tagore, and Company dominated the sector.

  • Since M/s Sumner and Heatly of the East India Company first began working in the Raniganj Coalfield on the western bank of the river Damodar in 1774, commercial coal mining has been carried out in India for about 220 years.
  • The earth is made up of various types of elements.
  • A mineral is a naturally occurring organic and inorganic substance.
  • It has ordered atomic structure, distinct chemical composition, and physical characteristics.
  • There are two or more parts to it.
  • Minerals that contain only one element include things like sulphur, copper, silver, gold, graphite, etc.


Which is the Oldest Coal Mine in India?

India’s oldest coal mine is the Raniganj Coal Field, in Raniganj. In 1774, the first mine opened. The entire 19th century and a significant portion of the 20th century saw the Raniganj coalfields serve as the nation’s primary coal-producing region.

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