Which is the Largest Saltwater Lake in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Largest Saltwater Lake in India is the Chilika Lake which spreads across the districts of Khurda, Puri, and Ganjam. A saltwater lake or a saline lake is a landlocked water body with a heavy concentration of salt. In some cases, these lakes have a higher concentration of salt than seawater and can even be called hypersaline lakes. The Chilika lake is not only the largest saltwater lagoon in India but also the biggest coastal lagoon after the new Caledonian barrier reef.

Largest Saltwater Lake in India

Chilika Lake is a habitat for various endangered species of fauna and flora. Many migratory birds travel thousands of kilometers to reach Chilika lake. Massive fishery sources surround the lake, and thousands of fishers are settled in the surrounding villages. The Chilika is a brackish water lake formed when the sea levels rise in the Northern Circars.

Here are a few interesting facts about the largest saltwater lake in India:

  • 52 rivers and creeks form the Chilika lake.
  • During summers and monsoons, the lake’s water varies between 900 to 1165 sq. km.
  • The lake is connected to the Bay of Bengal by a 32 km long and 1.5 km wide channel.
  • The lagoon is classified into different zones based on salinity and depth.


Which is the Largest Saltwater Lake in India?

The Chilika Lake is the Largest Saltwater Lake in India, located in the districts of Puri, Khurda, and Ganjam. It has approximately 800 species living there and a waterway connecting it to the Bay of Bengal. Several endangered plant and animal species call Chilika Lake their home. Even a wide variety of migratory birds travel to the lake every year. The lake is formed by the amalgamation of 52 rivers and creeks.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium