What are the Criticisms of Keynesian Economics?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Criticisms of Keynesian Economics began in the 1970s, during a period of stagflation, or increased unemployment and inflation. Keynesian economics favors a centrally planned economy, removing market forces from decision-making and implying that the government is the best to know what is best for the economy.

Criticisms of Keynesian Economics

Adam Smith, one of the founders of classical economics, was a major influence on Keynes’ schoolwork at Cambridge.

  • Classical economics, in some ways a very archaic approach to the subject, relied on a laissez-faire approach to market corrections.
  • The field of modern macroeconomics was founded by Keynes’ book, and aggregate demand plays a role in macroeconomics.
  • At the time of the development of classical economics, a large portion of the world was still transitioning out of a feudal economic structure, and industrialization had not yet fully taken root.
  • Keynesian economics promoted increasing the budget deficit during a recession. It is asserted that this leads to crowding out, nevertheless.

Facts About Keynesian Economics

  • British economist John Maynard Keynes (1883–1946) received his education at Cambridge University.
  • He was enthralled by mathematics and history, but at the urging of one of his professors, the renowned economist Alfred Marshall, he finally developed an interest in economics (1842-1924).
  • After graduating from Cambridge, he held several government roles, concentrating on using economics to solve practical issues.
  • Although Keynes gained prominence during World War I and participated in discussions, his 1936 book ‘The General Theory of Unemployment, Interest, and Money’ set the groundwork for his lasting contribution: Keynesian Economics.


What are the Criticisms of Keynesian economics?

The criticism of Keynesian economics is that in the 1970s observed a period of stagflation or increased inflation and unemployment. It leans towards the central government-planned economy.

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