Where do the Rivers Indus and Ganga have their Origin?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The origin of the Indus and Ganges rivers is in the Himalayas. While the Indus and the Ganges are cross-border rivers, the Indus is also a trans-Himalayan river of South and Central Asia. Indus river originates from Tibet near Lake Mansarovar. Whereas the Ganges River originates from the Gangotri Glacier. The Indus River springs in Tibet, close to Lake Mansarovar. Lastly, China, India, and Pakistan are all bordered by the Indus River, and the Ganges river traverses Bangladesh and India.

Origin of River Indus and Ganga

The rivers Indus and Ganga share a common originating point – the Himalayas. Indus river begins at the confluence of the Sengge Zangbo and Gar Tsangpo rivers, then flows northwest through Ladakh (Indian-administered Kashmir) and parts of Pakistan-administered Kashmir. It then descends into the Punjab plains of Pakistan.

On the other hand, the river Ganga flows south and east through the Gangetic plain of North India. The Ganga begins in the town of Devprayag, at the confluence of the Alaknanda.

Origin of the Indus river

  • China, India, and Pakistan are all surrounded by the Indus River.
  • The Indus River originates at the meeting of the Sengge Zangbo and Gar Tsangpo rivers.
  • The Indus River flows through Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, and Punjab provinces, China’s Tibet province, and the Union Territory of Ladakh in India.
  • The Indus River extends for 3,180 km.
  • The Indus River joins the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi.
  • The major tributaries of the Indus River include the Beas, Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej, and Chenab rivers.

Origin of Ganga river

  • The Ganges River crosses both Bangladesh and India.
  • The Ganges River is 2,525 km long.
  • Ganga is the third largest river in the world by discharge.
  • Hinduism considers the Ganges to be its holiest river. River Ganges is worshipped as Goddess Ganga.
  • The Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers join together at Devprayag in the state of Uttarakhand to form the Ganges. The Bhagirathi originates from the Gangotri glacier at Gomukh.
  • The Ganges river joins the Bay of Bengal.
  • The Ganges river joins the Yamuna river near Allahabad.
  • The Ganges also crosses several historically important places, including Kashi, Kannauj, Pataliputra, Patna, and Kolkata. The river Ganges is seriously polluted due to industrial waste, sewage, and other things. The Government of India is working to clean the river Ganga.

With this, we have covered all the useful information regarding the origins of rivers Indus and Ganga. Both rivers play a crucial role in the geography of the Indian subcontinent.

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