When was the Indian Civil Service Act Passed?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Indian Civil Service Act was passed in 1861 with the support of Viceroy Lord Canning. According to the Indian Civil Service Act of 1861, “any person, regardless of his nationality as an Indian or European, could assume any public office with the condition that he had stayed in India for a minimum period of 7 years.”

Launch of the Indian Civil Service Act

In the British era, it was difficult for Indians to secure high-level government positions such as Civil services. And the Civil Service Act act merely confirmed the trend that the most important positions were reserved for the British. It was mostly the British who held the positions of power so that they could keep the Indian citizens under their control.

  • The Indian Civil Service Act of 1861 specifically reserved certain high-level positions for the promised civil servants.
  • Although it was said that the aim of the act was to allow more Indians to work in government offices, it was unable to do so. Hence, more amendments were made in the future to meet this requirement imposed by educated Indians.
  • It favored the British and was less useful to the Indian candidates.
  • The appointments to be made under the Indian Civil Service Act of 1861 required the candidates to go through some departmental tests, meet specific requirements, and also clear an exam in the vernacular language of the district they were supposed to work in.

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