What were the Problems Faced by India After its Independence?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Problems Faced by India after the Independence were such as, after partition, about 8 million refugees from Pakistan returned to India, the resettlement of these refugees was a formidable obstacle, the integration of 562 small and big princely states into a united India presented another issue. Building a solid political structure to meet the needs and aspirations of the people and to make India a powerful country represents the third major challenge.

Problems Faced by India After the Independence

Partition threw independent India into some deep issues that needed immediate fixing. In the years following independence, India was largely facing three different kinds of difficulties: social, political and economic.

Particularly after partition, when there was large-scale mobilization and casteism and untouchability were prevalent among others, socialists were considered communal.

  • It was difficult to bring all this diversity together, especially when the regional allegiance of the people overshadowed that of their national ones.
  • This diversity would also include tribal groups and other marginalized communities.
  • This is directly related to political issues such as the need for unequal public engagement of different communities, strengthening democracy and the use of universal adult suffrage.
  • Additionally, the country needed to be united, uniting several states under a single federal authority.
  • The 1960s saw linguistic fragmentation of new states as a result of linguistic disparities and resistance to Hindi as the official language of South Indian states.
  • India also needed to participate in world politics and was under constant pressure from its neighbours over a variety of territorial disputes.
  • For over 70% of the people who were involved in agricultural work, land reform was also an important issue.

Poverty and unemployment remain significant economic challenges that demand full support for the country’s economic development, both in the public and private sectors. There are also issues with education, a high prevalence of illiteracy, and the need to expand the health sector so that the underprivileged can receive high-quality medical care.

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