What Language was the Autobiographical Baburnama Written in?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Autobiographical Baburnama was written in the Chagatai Turkic language. Baburnama is also known as Tuzk-e Babri. Babur has himself written his biography. Among so many emperors of the Mughal Empire, only two emperors Babur and Jahangir wrote their own biographies. Baburnama is written in Chagatai which is the spoken language of the Andijan-Timurids. It was also Babur’s mother tongue.

Language of Autobiographical Baburnama

Baburnama was written by the Mughal emperor Babur. It was originally written in the language known as Chagatai Turkic. Baburnama was later translated into Persian in 1589–90 CE during the reign of Emperor Akbar. The work was translated into the usual literary language of the Mughal court by Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khanan who was a Mughal courtier.

Baburnama covers the life of Babur and how he came to be the emperor of the Mughal Empire. It encapsulates his thoughts, major life events, and his philosophy about life in general. It is an important historical document that is studied by various historians.

Life of Babur:

Babur is known as the founder of the Mughal dynasty. Below, we have mentioned important information about the life of the Mughal Emperor, Babur.

  • He was born on 14 February 1483.
  • He ruled as Padishah for four years between the years 1526 and 1530.
  • He died on 26 December 1530 at the age of 47.
  • After his death, he was given the name of Firdaws Makani.
  • Babur was a talented writer and wrote many great pieces of poetry during his lifetime.


What Language was the Autobiographical Baburnama Written in?

Chagatai Turkic is the language in which the autobiographical Baburnama is written. It was written by the Mughal emperor, Babur. He ruled over his empire for a total of four years after which his son took over. Baburnama is known as the first true autobiography in Islamic literature.

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