What is the Difference Between ISRO and NASA?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The difference between ISRO and NASA is that NASA is the civilian space program for aeronautical and aerospace research in the US, while ISRO is the premier space agency of India. NASA, which stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, is based in the United States of America. On the other hand, ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organization and is based in India.

Difference Between ISRO and NASA

ISRO vs NASA is based on their year of establishment, origin, headquarters, and achievements attained by them. The key differences between ISRO and NASA are briefly explained in the table given below:

Differences NASA ISRO
Full-Form National Aeronautics and Space Administration Indian Space Research Organization
Established in 1958 1969
Country of Origin United States of America India
Description Nation’s civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research. Primary space agency of India
Replaced NASA replaced NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) ISRO replaced INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research)
Under United States Government Department of Space, Government of India
Headquartered Washington, D.C., USA Bangalore, India
Achievements NASA has launched 1091 unmanned space satellites and 109 manned missions satellites to various planets in the Solar System Launched satellite Rohini by SLV-3, the first-ever Indian-made launch vehicle
The Skylab space station ISRO Built India’s first satellite, Aryabhata
Apollo 1: 1st spaceflight to the moon Chandrayaan-1, ISRO, sent its first mission to the Moon.
Hubble space telescope: the biggest telescope launched in the earth’s lower orbit in 1990. ISRO launched its Mars Orbiter Mission in 2013
Supports the International Space Station Developed the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)

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