What is Kayal in Geography?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The term ‘Kayal’ in geography is used for a shallow sea inlet or a shallow lagoon that is located parallel to a bigger water body or a coastline. Simply put, they are lagoons that are separated from any bigger water body by some type of natural barrier like a coral or barrier reef, or even sandbars. The lagoon lakes of Kerala are called Kayals.

Kayal in Geography

In India, the state of Kerala is known for having multiple Kayals or lagoon lakes. In fact, the state’s popular paddy cultivation actually takes place below sea level and is called Kuttanad farming. Kayals run parallel to the beach’s inlets or lagoons of shallow water.

  • A lagoon is a body of waterthat is bounded by larger bodies of water on all sides by a natural barrier.
  • Sandbars, coral reefs, and other natural barriers keep lagoons apart from larger bodies of water.
  • Kayal is the name for the lagoon lakes in Kerala. Kayal means”backwater” in Hindi.
  • A system of brackish lakes and lagoons makes up the Kerala backwaters.
  • A lagoon is a body of water that is bounded by a natural barrier and isolated from larger bodies of water.
  • The third-largest coral reef structure in the world is found in this archipelago under the French administration.


What is Kayal in Geography?

A shallow lagoon or sea inlet that is separated from a larger body of water by a natural barrier, such as coral or a barrier reef, is referred to as a Kayal in geography. They are essentially small lakes or ponds, and Kerala India, is famous for them.

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