What are the Problems of Urbanization?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Problems of Urbanization are overcrowding, unemployment, housing issues, sanitation issues, water shortage issues, and health hazards. Urbanization is the process by which people migrate from rural to urban areas in search of better health care, job opportunities, higher education, and a higher quality of life. However, it has resulted in socioeconomic issues that have become a major concern.

Problems of Urbanization

Below we have listed some of the major Problems of Urbanization.

  • Overcrowding: According to the United Nations, the world’s urban population has grown from 751 million in 1950 to 4.2 billion in 2018. As a result of this, many Indian cities are overcrowded.
  • Unemployment: Another issue associated with urbanization is unemployment. As the population of cities grows, it becomes more difficult to find work.
  • Housing issues: These are obvious as people move to cities and overpopulate them. As a result, houses are becoming more scarce.
  • Sanitation Issues: Due to the rapid growth of the human population, local governments are finding it difficult to properly set up and manage the sewerage system.
  • Water Shortage: One of the major problems of urbanization is water scarcity. It becomes hard to meet the water demand due to the increasing population.
  • Health Hazards: People living in congested areas are exposed to a lot of risks. Poor sanitation, water problems, and living in high–risk areas lead to all kinds of diseases.

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