What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project – The advantages of the Multipurpose River Project are electricity generation, domestic and industrial water supply, flood control, outdoor activities, inland navigation, and fish breeding.

In contrast, the disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project are high initial cost, adverse effects on the environment, aquatic life, soil quality and modifications to crop patterns, etc. Building a dam across a river serves many purposes, which have their own advantages and disadvantages, which is why it is known as a Multipurpose river project.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project

Over several rivers, dams are constructed to generate electricity, control flooding, irrigate agricultural land, etc. Following is a discussion of the Multipurpose River Project’s benefits and drawbacks:

Advantages of Multipurpose River Project Disadvantages of Multipurpose River Project
Supply of water for domestic and industrial usage Causes deforestation
Check soil erosion Migration of people from their lands
Flood control Aquatic life is badly affected.
Recreation Restricts the natural river flow
Generation of electricity It leads to the deposits of sediments in the riverbed
Inland navigation Loss of existing agricultural lands
Fish breeding Changes cropping pattern

Furthermore, these projects can also lead to the decomposition of soil over a long period of time and issues like water logging and salinity. Hence, it can be concluded that there are more drawbacks to multipurpose river projects. Lastly, due to many multi-purpose projects, significant environmental movements have been launched such as ‘Narmada Bachao Andolan’ and the ‘Tehri Dam Andolan’.

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