Write a Note on Giuseppe Mazzini

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian revolutionary born in Genoa in 1807. He was a member of the secret society of the Carbonari. At the age of 24, he was sent into exile for attempting a revolution in Liguria in 1831. He founded two societies namely Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Berne. The members of these groups were from Italy, Poland, France, and the German states.

Note on Giuseppe Mazzini

Giuseppe Mazzini believed that unification alone could be the basis of Italian liberty. According to him, “God had intended nations to be the natural units of mankind”. Secret societies were set up in Switzerland, Germany, France, and Poland following his model. The conservatives were frightened because of his vision of democratic republics. He was described as ‘the most dangerous enemy of our social order’ by Metternich.

  • In Genoa, which was then a part of the Ligurian Republic, Mazzini was born.
  • His mother Maria Drago was well known for her beauty and fervent Jansenist beliefs, and his father, Giacomo Mazzini, a native of Chiavari and a university professor had supported Jacobin doctrine.
  • Mazzini exhibited good learning skills and a nascent interest in politics and literature from a very young age.
  • At the age of 14, he was accepted to college.
  • He earned his legal degree in 1826 and began working as a “poor man’s lawyer.”
  • Mazzini traveled to Tuscany in 1827, when he joined the Carbonari, a covert organization with political goals.
  • He was taken into custody at Genoa on October 31 of that year and interned there.
  • He was granted early 1831 release from prison but was restricted to a small village.
  • Instead, he decided on exile and relocated to Geneva, Switzerland.

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