The Classical Dance form Kathak Originated in which Indian State?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Kathak dance form originated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the most popular classical dance forms in India. The three specific forms of Kathak dance are the Lucknow Gharana, the Jaipur Gharana, and the Benaras Gharana. The roots of this dance lie in the Sanskrit Hindu text ‘Natya Shastra’ written by ancient Indian musicologist and theatrologist Bharata Muni.

Indian State that Derived Classical Dance form Kathak

Kathak is the type of dance that depicts a “Katha” or a story. The costumes of the Kathak dance vary among the Hindu and Muslim cultures. In Hindu culture, the female Kathak performer wears a saree, blouse, scarf, and jewelry typically of gold for the face, ear, neck, hand, wrist, and ankle. On the other hand, in the Muslim culture, costumes for female Kathak dancers include skirts, churidar pyjamas, a scarf, a long coat covering the hands and the upper body, and light jewelry.

Some key points pertinent to Kathak Dance are:

  • The word Kathak is derived from the Vedic Sanskrit word Katha which means story.
  • The dancers who perform Kathak communicate stories through their hand movements, footwork, body movements, and through their facial expressions.
  • The instruments that go with Kathak are tabla and sarangi or harmonium with manjira.
  • This dance form evolved during the Bhakti movement.
  • During the period of Mughal rule, Kathak dance performances included Urdu Ghazals.


The Classical Dance form Kathak Originated in which Indian State?

One of the main genres of Indian classical dance that originated in Uttar Pradesh was Kathak. It is a popular dance form in the performance in which the performer narrates a story. Apart from Kathak, the other Indian Classical Dance forms are Bharatnatyam, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Mohiniattam, and Odissi.

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