During the Period of 16 Mahajanapadas, Mathura was Capital of ____

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

During the period of 16 Mahajanapadas, Mathura was capital of Surasena. There were 16 Mahajanapada from 400 BC to 600 BC in the early centuries. It showed the economic development of these Janapadas. These regions are located in Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Western Bihar. Due to the fertile land, it got strong economically and emerged during Vedic Yuga.

16 Mahajanapadas and their Capitals

Surasena is famous for Hindu Lord Krishna. During ancient times, he was born in Mathura and lived in Vrindavan. That’s why Hindu people consider this place an important city. Surasena covers the part of Brij in Uttar Pradesh and some features of Harayana, Madhya Pradesh.

Apart from Hindu followers, Mathura is a sacred place for Buddhism also. As the king of Mathura Country, the Avantiputra helped the Buddhism religion to be stable and grow in his country during his time.

Initially, there were 22 Janapadas, but due to the rising of Iron tools, kingdoms took over others, and lastly remain, 16 of them. The 16 Mahajanapadas and their capitals are as follows:

  • Assaka – Potali
  • Avanti – Ujjain or Mahismati
  • Anga – Champa
  • Chedi/Cheti – Shuktimati
  • Kashi – Banaras
  • Kosala – Shravasti
  • Magadha – Rajgriha
  • Vajji – Vaishali
  • Malla – Kushinagar
  • Vatsa – Kausambi
  • Kuru – Indraprastha or Hastinapur
  • Panchala – Ahichhatra
  • Matsya – Viratnagar
  • Surasena/Shurasena – Mathura
  • Gandhara – Taxila
  • Kamboja – Rajpur


During the Period of 16 Mahajanapadas, Mathura was Capital of ____

The capital of Surasena during the period of 16 Mahajanapadas was Mathura. Mathura is a sacred place for Hindu and Buddism people. It was the capital of Surasena Mahajanpada during the ancient time of the 4th to 6th Centuries. The Andhakas and Vrishnis formed a sangha with the help of other Yadava allies, and Lord Krishna was described as Sangha Mukhiya.

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