Describe the Location of India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

India is located in the Northern Hemisphere. The Tropic of Cancer divides the country into two equal parts. It spans the Asian continent between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and 68°7’E and 97°25’E. With a land area of 3,287,263 square kilometers, India is the seventh largest country in the world. It has the world’s second-largest population. India is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Himalayas. Seven countries share a border with India.

Location of India

India’s location is critical for security and trade in the Indian Ocean. The country stretches 3,214 kilometers from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south.

  • The presence of the Indian Navy ensures that no one can disrupt the Indian Ocean trade route.
  • As a result, conducting business via waterways becomes simple and cost-effective.
  • Indian land is centrally located between East and West Asia.
  • It stretches 2993 kilometers from Kuchchh in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east.

Location of India in Asia and the World

India is located strategically in the Indian Ocean, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The route accounts for a significant portion of global freight transport.

  • The location of India facilitates contact with West Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • The Arabian Sea connects India to Southeast and East Asia, and the east coast connects India to all East Asian countries and Australia.
  • India is situated on the Indian Plate, one of the tectonic plates formed following the breakup of Gondwanaland.
  • Following the split, two tectonic plates were formed, known as the Indian and Australian tectonic plates.
  • India has a land border with Pakistan that stretches for 15,200 kilometers.
  • It shares borders with seven other countries.
  • From west to east, it is surrounded by Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh.
  • Sri Lanka and the Maldives are located in the Indian Ocean.
  • India shares a water border with these two countries.

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