The Mines Act, 1952
1) Whenever there occurs an accident causing loss of life or serious bodily injury, an explosion, influx of gases, breakage of ropes, an overwinding of cages, any premature collapse or any other prescribed accident, the owner, agent or manager of the mine shall give notice of the occurrence to such authority in such form within such time as may be prescribed.
- He shall post one copy of the notice on a special notice board at a place where it may be inspected by trade union officials and shall ensure that the notice is kept on the board for not less than fourteen days.
- Accidents that result in a reportable injury shall be entered in a register and are furnished to the chief inspector once in a quarter.
- If the notice is related to an accident causing loss of life, the authority shall make an inquiry within two months of the receipt of the notice.
- The central government may direct that the accidents that are not prescribed but caused bodily injury resulting in the enforced absence of a person for a period exceeding twenty-four hours shall be entered in a register in the prescribed form.
- A copy of the entries in the register shall be sent to the chief inspector by the owner, agent, or manager of the mine, on or before the 20th day of January in the year following that to which the entries relate.
- The work may be resumed at the place of the accident if the chief inspector or the said inspector fails to inspect the place of the accident within seventy-two hours.
2) No person shall be allowed to work in a mine for more than six days in any one week.
3) In the case of work above the ground in a mine, no adult employed shall be required or allowed to work for more than forty-eight hours in any week or for more than nine hours in any day.
- The daily maximum hours may be exceeded in order to facilitate the change of shifts, subject to the previous approval of the Chief Inspector.
- The periods of work shall not spread over more than twelve hours in any day. A worker shall not work for more than five hours continuously before he has had an interval for rest for at least half an hour.
- The chief inspector shall permit the spread-over to extend over a period not exceeding fourteen hours in any day.
- Persons of two or more shifts shall not be allowed to do work of the same kind above ground at the same time.
- Persons shall not be considered to belong to separate shifts even if they receive their intervals for rest at different times.
4) In the case of work below the ground in a mine, no adult employed shall be allowed to work for more than forty-eight hours in any week or for more than eight hours in any day.
- Subject to the previous approval of the chief inspector, the daily maximum hours specified may be exceeded in order to facilitate the change of shifts.
- The system of shifts shall be arranged in such a way that the period of work for each shift is not spread-over more than the daily maximum hours.
- The employed person in a mine shall be allowed to be present in any part of a mine below ground only during the periods of work.
5) No person below eighteen years of age shall be allowed to work in any mine, after the commencement of the Mines (Amendment) Act, 1983.
- Apprentices and other trainees who are not below sixteen years of age, maybe allowed to work, under proper supervision.
- Prior approval of the chief inspector or an inspector shall be obtained, in the case of trainees, other than apprentices.
6) No woman shall be employed:
- In any mine below the ground.
- In any mine above the ground except between 6 A.M. and 7 P.M.
7) Every woman employed in a mine above ground shall be given an interval of not less than eleven hours between the two continuous periods of employment.
- The hours of employment shall be varied by the central government however no employment of any woman between the hours of 10 P.M. and 5 A.M. is permitted thereby.
8) If any person has been allowed leave for not less than four days, he shall be paid the wages due for the period of allowed leave before his leave begins.
9) Whoever obstructs or refuses to afford the chief inspector or any authorized person shall be punishable with a maximum imprisonment of three months or with a maximum fine of five hundred rupees or both.
- Whoever refuses to produce any register or prevents or attempts to prevent any person from being examined by the chief inspector or inspector shall be punishable with a maximum fine of three hundred rupees.
- Whoever is involved in the falsification of records shall be punishable with a maximum imprisonment of three months or with a maximum fine of one thousand rupees or both.
- If any person is involved in the usage of false certificates of fitness, he shall be punishable with a maximum imprisonment of one month or with a maximum fine of two hundred rupees or with both.
10) Employing a person below eighteen years of age in a mine by the owner or the agent or the manager of such mine shall be punishable with a maximum fine of five hundred rupees.
11) Whoever fails to appoint a manager shall be punishable with a maximum imprisonment of three months or with a maximum fine of two thousand and five hundred rupees or with both.
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