Medieval History Notes: Bahmani and Vijayanagara Kingdoms

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

History covers a good number of questions making it an important topic to cover in Teaching Exams.  Around 10-12 questions ask from History which surely makes it important for you to study the topic well for upcoming  CTET Exams. Here are Medieval History Notes on “Bahmani and Vijayanagara Kingdoms”  which you should not ignore.

Bahmani  Kingdom:

  • The decline of the Sultanate of Delhi gave birth to two mighty states in South India the Bahmani Kingdom of Gulbarga and the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • The Bahmanis were Muslim rulers, while the rulers of the Vijayanagar were Hindus.
  • The Bahmani kingdom was founded by Zafar Khan (Hassan) who took the title of Alauddin Bahman Shah. He selected Gulbaraga as its capital and renamed it Ahsanabad.
  • There was a total of eighteen Sultans and they ruled from 1347 to 1527.
  • Muhammed Gawan was the famous minister of the Bahmini kingdom.
  • The last prince of the Bahmani Kingdom was Kalimullah.
  • By 1527, the Bahmani kingdom was split up into five independent principalities.
  • The Adil Shahis of Bijapur -founder – Yusuf Adilshah (1489 – 90)
  • The Nizam Shahis of Ahamadnagar – founder – Malik Ahmad (1499)
  • The Imadshahis of Berar – founder -Fateh Ulla Imadshanti (1490)
  • The Qutubshahi kingdom of Golconda – founder – Qutabshah (1512)
  • The Baridshahis of Bidar – founder – Amir Ali Barid (1527).
  • Muhammad Adil Shah built Gol Gumbaz, a tomb with the world’s second-largest Dome at Bijapur
  • Muhammad  shah built the city of Hyderabad (Bhagyanagar)
  • Berar stayed out of the Battle of Talikotta

Vijaya Nagara Empire:

  • The founders of the Vijaya Nagar Empire were Harihara and Bukka Rai, the revenue officers of the Kakatiya ruler Pratap Rudra Deva II of Warrangal.
  • They founded the dynasty in 1336 with the capital Vijaya Nagara on the banks of the Tungabhadra river with the help of Saint Vidyaranya.
  • Vijayanagara kingdom lasted for 230 years and produced four dynasties.
  • Sangama (1336 – 1485)
  • Saluva – (1485 – 1505)
  • Tuluva (1505 – 1565) and
  • Aravidu (1565 – 1672)
  • Krishna Deva Raya (1509 – 1529) belonged to the Tuluva dynasty. The Italian traveller Nicolocont visited his court.
  • Krishnadeva Rayar is known as ‘Andhra Bhoja’ He wrote Ushaparinayam and Amuktamalyada
  • Allasani Peddanna, a Telugu poet was a courtier of Krishna Deva Raya. He is considered the ‘‘Andra Kavita Pitamaha’’ the Grand Father of Telugu poetry.
  • Ashtadiggajas’ was the famous Scholastic Assembly in the court of Krishna Deva Raya.

Vijayanagar Empire was visited by many foreign travellers:

  • Nicolo Conti – a Venitian traveller, who visited during the reign of Devaraya I.
  • Abdur Razzak: Ambassador of Sulthan Shahrukh to the court of Devaraya II.
  • Damingos Paes: He visited Krishna Devaraya’s court.
  • Ferona Nuniz: A Portuguese who visited during Achyuta Raya’s reign.
  • Durate Barbosa: A Portuguese who visited Krishnadeva Raya’s court.
  • Athanasius Nikitin (1415): He was a Russian, who visited during Deva Raya I’s period He wrote, ‘Voyage to India’.


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Medieval History Notes: Bahmani and Vijayanagara Kingdoms

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