Haryana Special: Environment of Haryana

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

General Knowledge of Haryana is very important for Haryana Teacher Eligibility Test. Many Students are demanding Haryana GK notes, so here we are starting Haryana Special Series for HTET Exam. In this series, we will be covered all important notes related to Haryana state General Knowledge.

The Environment of Haryana:


  • State Bird – Black Francolin
  • State Tree – Peepal
  • State Flower – Lotus
  • State Animal – BlackBuck
  • Vegetation: Deciduous forest and Thorny bushes are the most prevalent vegetation.
  • Important trees: Mulberry, Eucalyptus, Pine, Shisham, Babul, etc.
  • Fauna: Nilgai, Black Buck, Panther, Fox, etc.

National Parks:

  • Kalesar National park – Yamunanagar District
  • Sultanpur National park – Gurgaon District

Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Abubshehar WS – Sirsa district
  • Bhindawas WS – Jhajjar district
  • Bir Shikargarh WS – Panchkula district
  • Chhilchhila WS – Kurukshetra district
  • Kalesar WS – Yamunanagar district
  • Khaparwas WS – Jhajjar district
  • Nahar WS – Rewari district
  • Saraswati WS – Kaithal district

Zoological Parks:

  • Mini Zoo – Kurukshetra district
  • Rohtak Zoo – Rohtak district

Deer Parks

  • Deer Park – Hisar



  • With 80% of its land under cultivation, the state of Haryana is predominantly an agricultural state. Thus the scope to notify forest areas is very less. The notified forest area is only 3.9 %.
  • The forest department has taken various initiatives to increase the forest cover and tree cover through plantation programmes under Social Forestry Initiatives on government lands, common lands, panchayat lands and other wastelands.
  • Also, the forest department distributes the seeds free of cost to farmers, government departments, institutions, village people, etc.
  • Forest Department undertakes plantations on an average 20,000 ha area annual basis.
  • Approximately 60% of the plantation is done outside the notified forests.
  • Due to large-scale plantation initiated by the forest department on non-forest lands as well as the adoption of tree farming by farmers, the forest & tree cover of the state has increased to 6.80% as per the State of Forests Report published by the Forest Survey of India Dehradun in 2011.
  • Forest Department has set a goal to achieve 20% of forest and tree cover in a phased manner in the state. This goal can be achieved only when a major thrust is given to agroforestry and plantations on lands outside the notified forest areas.

Conservation of Wildlife:

  • Though the forest cover is less in this state the bio-diversity is abundant especially bird species are prominent here, mostly migratory birds.
  • Out of nearly 1250 bird species recorded in the Indian subcontinent; approximately 500 species of birds are found in Haryana State.
  • Two-pronged strategies by the forest department for best preserving the wildlife in their natural habitat were adopted. One is Protection and the other is Awareness generation
  • The department is giving emphasis on habitat protection as well as protection against poaching.
  • The aim of wildlife conservation is achieved through in-situ and ex-situ conservation strategies.
  • For in-situ conservation of wildlife inside their natural habitat, 2 National Parks, 8 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 2 Conservation Reserves have been established in the state.
  • As part of ex-situ conservation efforts breeding of Red Jungle Fowl is being done near Pinjore. Red Jungle Fowl in Shiwaliks of Haryana is considered to be of pure breed, which is also verified by the Centre for DNA/Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD), Hyderabad.
  • With the Gyps Vulture species on the brink of extinction, the department has established Vulture Conservation and Breeding Centre near Pinjore in collaboration with the Royal Society for Protection of Birds (RSPB), Zoological Society of London (ZSL) the United Kingdom and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).
  • The department has established a deer park at Hisar and mini zoos at Bhiwani, Rohtak, and Pipli to create awareness about wildlife conservation.
  • A Peacock & Chinkara Conservation and Breeding Centre has been established at Jhabua Reserve Forest in Rewari district.

Soil and Water Conservation:

  • Lack of dense vegetation in this state leads to more soil erosion, run-off, siltation, etc.. the Shiwalik hills which act as a watershed of the state are prone to more soil problems due to lack of dense vegetation, and during monsoon seasons heavy soil erosion takes place.
  • The government has taken various measures to conserve the topsoil and run-off water.
  • Soil and water conservation structures have been built. Structural Interventions for catchment area treatment along with biological remedial measures and social fencing are developed to reduce soil erosion and to prevent scouring and undercutting of hill surfaces, channel banks and stabilized channel bed slopes.  
  • The structural measures include staggered contour trenches, peripheral trenches, gully plugs, spurs, studs, check dams, silt retention dams, relevant crate wire structures, and drop structures.   
  • The bio-remedial measures include vegetative/brushwood check dams across channels, vegetative spurs in single or double lines, vegetative filters and grass barriers, vegetative gully plugs and stabilization of poundage area by planting trees and mulching with locally available biomass. 
  • In addition to structural and bio-remedial measures, the effective closure to animal grazing and illicit felling of vegetation with people’s active participation can be the most effective social fencing measure in the rehabilitation of degraded catchments.
  • Awareness and motivation are needed both among the local people, NGOs, and public functionaries.

Click Here to read the History of Haryana  


Haryana Special: Environment of Haryana

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium