Important Highlights on Draft of New Education Policy 2019, Read Here!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: October 17th, 2023

New Education Policy 2019

The committee, headed by Dr K. Kasturirangam submitted the draft of the New Education Policy 2019 to the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank and Minister of State, Sanjay Shyamrao Dhotre, on May 31, 2019. The Secretary Department of Higher Education, R. Subrahmanyam, Secretary Department of School Education and Literacy, Rina Ray, and several other ministers graced the occasion.

The main aim of introducing this New Education Policy is to ensure quality education in India for a span of 20 years starting from 2020 to 2040. The draft of the New Education Policy, 2019 focussed on the 5 pillars of education – Access, Equity, Quality, Accountability, and Affordability. The Draft of the New Education Policy 2019 includes the following reforms:

The Highlights of New Education Policy 2019:

  • The committee proposed to rename the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to the Ministry of Education (MoE).
  • There has been a request to reduce the content load of the school curriculum.
  • The council would stop the segregation of the subjects as curricular, co-curricular, or extra-curricular. The subjects of arts, craft, music, sports, yoga, etc. will be deemed curricular subjects.
  • There is a proposal to reconfigure pedagogical and curricular structure with Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) as an essential part of school education.
  • There is a need to promote Indian classical languages and three new national institutes will be set up for promoting Persian, Pali, and Prakrit.
  • For promoting research culture and building research capacity across higher education, an apex body named the National Research Education will be formed.
  • UGC will transform Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC), and professional standard bodies shall be set up to look into each area of professional education.
  • Private and public institutions will be treated equally, followed by an aim to treat education as a ‘not for profit’ activity.
  • There has been a recommendation to form Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI).
  • The Rights to Education Act 2009 has been extended to cater to the needs of children belonging to the age group of 3-18 years.
  • Such a pedagogy needs to be followed where stress is laid on the development of core capabilities and 21st-century life skills.
  • The minimum degree qualification of the teachers will be a 4-year integrated stage-specified B.Ed program.
  • All sub-standard teacher education institutions shall be closed, and all teacher education/preparation programmes will be moved into larger multi-disciplinary colleges and universities.
  • The undergraduate programmes of 3 or 4 years duration should be restructured and these programmes will have multiple entry and exit options.
  • Flexibility in the three-language formula.
  • Foreign language offerings in secondary school.
  • The committee has proposed to restructure higher education institutions into three types. In the first type, the focus will be laid on world-class research and high-quality teaching. The second type will lay emphasis on high-quality teaching across disciplines with a special focus on research. The third type will cover high-quality teaching for undergraduate education under Mission Nalanda and Mission Takshashila.
  • There is a plan to create an accredited eco-system led by revamped NAAC.
  • The functions of standard setting, accreditation, regulation, and funding should be separated, and these functions need to be conducted by the National Higher Education Regulatory Authority, which will act as the one and only regulator in matters concerning higher education and professional education.
  • Many new policy initiatives have been recommended, such as the elimination of social category, gender, and regional gaps, internationalizing higher education, introducing technological integration of education at all levels, and strengthening open and distance learning. These initiatives have been taken to enhance the participation of under-represented groups.
  • To coordinate the efforts of the centre and the states, and to integrate all education initiatives under an umbrella organization, there is a proposal to form a new apex body called the Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog.

In order to improve the credibility of education, the new education policy plans will be reviewed every 5 years. Experts will overcome the shortcomings in addition to improving them. The implementation of the New Education Policy plans will begin on August 15 and UGC will also be replaced from 2020.

With the introduction of these reforms, the government hopes that the announced 5 lakh vacancies in the teaching sector will soon be filled as the addition of the new skills shall prepare teachers in a better way to be eligible for those posts. Along with empowering teachers, the government will also focus on research, innovation, infrastructure, and technology, so that 20 years down the lane, the children of today can represent India as a superpower in front of the world.

If the reforms mentioned above are introduced in the education policy, students, teachers, and educational institutions would get the right equipment to bring about an education revolution, which in turn would help in building a robust educational eco-system for India.

Note: In case, you have any comments and suggestions on the discussed topic, you can send the same to before 30th June 2019.


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