Child development and pedagogy Notes for CTET & TET Exam

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Child psychology is an important branch of psychology which focuses on the mind and behavior of children from parental development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with the growth of children physically but also with their mental, emotional and social development as well. Today, psychologists recognize that child psychology is unique and complex, but many differ in terms of the unique perspective they take when approaching development. Development is a process of internal and external growth of a child and the emergence or differentiation of his capabilities. It could also be understood as the function of maturity and his interaction with the environment. There may be various aspects of development like physical, mental, emotional, language, ethical etc.

Development is the process of quantitative and qualitative growth of the child and the emergence and differentiation of capabilities over time. It is the function of maturity as well as interaction with the environment.

Who among the following cognitive development of children in society and cultural ties between the dialogue is an important dimension to be announced?

  • Vygotsky
  • Piaget
  • Kohlberg
  • Ericson

This question is related to pedagogy, but the principle objective of the exam is to test candidates in had the skills to teach and knows the principles of the art of teaching. Candidates should be aware that it will be used in practice, that means in teaching practices.

Questions based on practical knowledge can be included in the following types of questions

As a teacher of environmental studies conducting the tour of the zoo’s, the main objective should be:

  • Providing learners enjoy and have fun
  • Change the monotony of continual learning program
  • Providing active learning experiences to learners
  • The parents need to be satisfied with the quality of education

Teaching motivation (motivated teaching) is considered a sign of.

  • Very quiet in class
  • Ask students
  • The maximum attendance in class
  • Remedial teacher’s work

Need to pay special attention to this type of  questions

During the examination of teaching skills in solving problems of the candidate will be examined. Candidates trained in child psychology and have been through the process of practical teaching, they might qualify. There is a method of solving such questions under which as a teacher you have to understand the nature of the problem, rather than go to the child’s role. The types of questions are asked a question such as therapeutic.

Why in the class of a particular language child who speaks different language faces problem to understand?

  • Lack of interest in learning another language
  • The second language would be difficult
  • The difference in the structure of the language and second language
  • They do not learn another language carefully.

To answer this question, we must understand that, we do not speak or understand another language because it has the difference in the structure from our own language. Thus if we understand the practical side, such questions can be solved easily.

The questions of pedagogy will focus on what is your perspective on the process of learning, your interest will be checked, it will also assess on your teaching approach. like-

Why do you want to be a teacher?

  • To build an ideal society
  • To achieve a reasonable employment
  • To make nation educated 
  • It is relatively easy task

To evaluate Reading-skills (reading ability)  what you do?

  • Telling children to read aloud so that you can check pronunciation.
  • To the lines of text
  • To make questions on material which has been taught.
  • Factual questions asked on material which has been taught.

Such questions will be important. So it can be said that this exam evaluates your ability to become a teacher or a passion that will evaluate how you approach teaching positions will be displayed.


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