Figure of Speech, Study Notes, Material – All Teaching Exams

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

A figure of speech is a word or phrase with a meaning other than its literal meaning. It can be a metaphor or simile to illustrate an idea. It can be a particular way to pronounce a word or phrases like adding more meaning or a different sound of alliteration.

In this article, we should read related to the Figure of Speech, Important for the  KVS.

The figure of speech types

  1. Alliteration
    The same letter is repeated and played. It is like the common tongue twisters where we use those words that start with or contain the same letter or sound.
    For example- Glue gannets for the baby.
  2. Anaphora
    It is a technique where the same word or terms start with several phrases or verses.
    For example- I have come, I have seen, I have overcome Caesar Julius we have cried, we have kissed, we have sung.
  3. Assonance
    Repeating vowel sounds in words that are similar to each other.
    For example- Slow progress across the killed, cold plateau, fired, cold.
  4. Euphemism
    To makes things more respectful or pleasant, it is a word or phrase that replaces a word or phrase.
    For example- Mentally disabled (mentally retarded) to pass away (to die) and let him go (fired him)
  1. Hyperbole
    A stress or impact exaggeration
    For example-
    (i) This story is as old as the mountains.
    (ii)I told you about it a hundred times.
  1. Irony
    When one uses an expression with the language that usually means the opposite of what he/she means, typically for entertainment or amusement.
    For example-
    (i) It’s a mystery, so only half of Delhi is aware of it.
    (ii) For not paying his parking tickets, a traffic cop is suspended.
  1. Metaphor
    Comparison between two things or two concepts that are different from each other/unlike.
    For example- She was sailing through the room.
    (ii) Time is money.
    (iii) It’s a stage for the world.
  2. Onomatopoeia
    A term that appears to be the definition of, i.e. Words that symbolise their meaning
    For example- Buzz, click, zoom, zoom.
  3. Oxymoron
    When two different words are used together.
    For example-
    (i) An honest thief
    (ii) a poor little rich boy.
  4. Personification
    Giving non-living things or thoughts about human qualities.
    For example-
    (i) The nodding of the flowers.
    (ii) Thunder was rumbling.
  1. Simile
    Comparison of two separate things normally using the terms like or like.
    For example – 
    (i) Like a pod of peas.
    (ii) As blind as a bat.
  1. Understatement
    When something is said to make, something seems less or less significant.
    For example –
    (i) I’m not going to say it was delicious (referring to appalling food).
    (ii) It is just a scratch (applying to a wound).
  1. Anastrophe
    The intentional shift for emphasis in the usual word order.
    For example-
    (I) He wasn’t brilliant (he wasn’t bright).
    (ii)She looked grave and threatening in the dog’s eyes. (She looked grave and intimidating at the dog’s eyes).
  1. Antithesis
    Used when adding two opposites in the same word
    For example- In peace, you are longing for war; in war, you are waiting for peace.
  2. Apostrophe
    A figure of speech in which an entity, a location, an abstract quality, a concept, a person who is dead or absent, is addressed as if they were present and able to understand.
    For example –
    (i) O Country! Listen to our appeal!
    (ii) Oh, Decision! You’re running to brutish creatures.
  1. Euphemism
    A type of writing that is ornate, precious and Maisy.
    For example –
    (i) The fiery stars in the pitch-black sky were twinkling brightly.
    (ii) Time wore me from the teat of my mother and age to get rid of the correction of my parents.
  1. Paradox
    A statement that seems to contradict itself, but may be valid.
    For example –
    (i) I have to be cruel to be kind.
    (ii)Her gentleness was too difficult to bear.
  1. Periphrasis
    Use a longer-term or a ton of words to do less.
    For example – His factory device had a temporary inconvenience (it had covered her nose)
  2. Pun
    Fun with words or the humorous use of terms to illustrate or indicate their various meanings or implementations.
    For example –
    (i) Life is worth living.
    (ii) It’s up to the liver.
    (iii) It’s all mind over matter-it doesn’t matter, never mind.
  1. Zeugma
    When a word is used to modify or handle two or more words, while only one of them is suitable or acceptable to each of them but in a different manner.
    For example –
    (i) He caught three trouts and cold on his fishing trip.
    (ii) He kept his tongue and pledge.
  2. Rhetorical Questions
    A question asked for effect or to convey information instead of requesting a response.
    For example-
    (i) Isn’t it a beautiful day (= it’s a perfect day)
    (ii) What’s so unusual as a June day(= nothing is uncommon on any June day)?


This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams – REETUPTETCTETSuper TETDSSSBKVS, etc.

You may refer to the following books:
Serial No. Book Name Author Name
1. Objective General English S.P. Bakshi
2. English Grammar & Composition S.C. Gupta
3. Objective English for Competitive Examination Hari Mohan Prasad & Uma Sinha



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