Teaching Learning Material in social Science Pedagogy

By Bhawna Singh|Updated : April 9th, 2020

Meaning of Teaching Aids:  

In the teaching of social studies at upper primary level teaching material serve as a means to help a teacher to introduce or explain a topic effectively. Fair or well-planned teaching takes place in the presence of teaching aid only. Teaching material makes the teaching-learning process interesting by breaking the dullness in the classroom. Effective teaching aids increase the process of the teaching-learning process. Teaching material activates the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains of students learning.

Purpose of using teaching-learning materials:

Various serves the purpose of using teaching-learning material in social science teaching:

  1. Teaching-learning materials helps in making learning easy.
  2. Teaching-learning materials helps in making learning to remain in the minds of the learners for a longer time.
  3. Teaching-learning materials helps in making the lesson more interesting.
  4. Teaching-learning materials enable the teacher to express the intended concepts of learning effectively.
  5. Teaching aids in social studies helps in illustrating natural phenomena like volcano, rain, earthquake etc.
  6. Teaching aid in social studies teaching helps to define an idea, concept in a better way. For example: to explain the direction in a map or on a globe.
  7. Teaching aid is helpful in refreshing and reinforcing students learning when there is a difficulty in creating real atmosphere or situation related to the topic.

Characteristics of teaching Aids:

Following are the characteristics of teaching aids are:

  1. Teaching aids should be up to date in every aspect.
  2. Teaching aids should be simple, improvised from time to time.
  3. Teaching aids should be exact and truthful.
  4. Teaching aids should be informative and according to the mental level of the students.

Classification of teaching aids: Teaching aids are of three types -

Audio aids:  Audio aids are those aids of teaching which we can hear only. These aids make the use of hearing sense only. For examples: Tape recorder, language laboratories etc.

Visual aids: These aids make the use of learner’s visual sense or organs only. For example chalkboards, charts, maps, pictures, flashcards, maps, posters etc.

Audio-visual aids: These are the aids in which learners makes the use of hearing as well as the visual senses of the learners. These aids help in attaining the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains of the learners. For example Television, OHP, films, computers, slides, etc

Selection of Teaching Aids:

  • Teaching aids should be child-centred and able to make learning easy for the child.
  • Teaching aids orders should be selected in such a way that is able to fulfil the educational objectives.
  • Teaching aid should select according to the interest and aptitude of the learner.
  • Teaching aids should be based upon the curiosity of the learners and helps in motivating the learners.
  • Should be selected in such a way that reinforces the learning in students.

Advantages of Teaching Aids:

  • Teaching aids help in attracting the attention of the learners.
  • Teaching aids help in maintaining the healthy interaction and positive environment in the class.
  • Teaching aids help in meeting individual differences among the learners.
  • Teaching aids help in making the learning permanent in the learners.
  • Teaching aids helps in saving the time of teacher as well as of learners.
  • Teaching aids help in converting abstract ideas into concrete ideas.

Disadvantages of teaching aids:

  • Teaching aid is expensive to implement.
  • Teaching aids distracts the attention of the learners from the instructor or teachers.
  • For employing an audio-visual aid, the size of the room should be taken into consideration. Classroom size should not be so large or should not be so small. It should according to the strength of the students
  • Audiovisual consumes a lot of time while implementing.

Audio-Visual Teaching Material:

Audiovisual aids are those learning materials which use both the senses of learners i.e. hearing, visual, audiovisual aids are of following types:

Television: Nowadays, TV is one of the best teaching material that provides information related to various social science topics. There are many channels that provide knowledge related to history, geography, polity etc. some of them are discovery, national geographic, Animal planet, news channels etc.

Educational films: Audiovisual aids affects all the domains of learning of students. An educational film is the audio-visual aid of teaching. Educational films help in a faster and deeper understanding of the topics of social science such as historical films related to various national political leaders, freedom fighters etc.

Overhead Projectors: It is used to display an image to the students or learners. In social science, a teacher can use OHP as a teaching aid while explaining content such as maps, hierarchies of civilization, classification, continents etc.

Computer/Laptop: It is the most widely used teaching material nowadays. With the help of the internet, all the information is available.  A teacher can search or store any information for future use. With the help of computer and laptop PowerPoint presentation can be prepared which makes the teaching and learning process attractive and understanding.


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Vinay Kumar Pathak
सरल ढंग से समझाने का प्रयास। बहुत बढ़िया
Sumit Tanwar
Thanks sir kvs k liy bhi notes provied krvaya
Ram Raich

Ram RaichDec 2, 2018

Hello sir
Hindi m  nhi hote kya notes
Hindi valo ke liy v notes dal do
Kk Kk

Kk KkApr 7, 2019

Social science ka practice questions hindi me kyun nahi aata hai?
Ritu 1986

Ritu 1986Sep 25, 2019

Pls hindi ne dijiye notes
Anisha Saha

Anisha SahaJan 24, 2020

What are the precautions while using teaching aids
Anisha Saha

Anisha SahaJan 24, 2020

What are the precautions while using teaching aids?
Smita Anand

Smita AnandMar 12, 2022

Sir... Btet 6to 8social science ka notes hindi me provide kare

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