Sustainable Development Goals: The Sustainable Development Goals are a series of measures to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure the global well-being of human beings.
- It is a group of 17 goals with 169 targets and 304 indicators and was proposed by the United Nation General Assembly, to be achieved by 2030.
- The SDGs are a series of intergovernmental agreement formulated to end poverty, protect the environment and planet earth and ensure overall well-being and all-round development of human beings.
- Its predecessor was the Millennium Development Goals.
- SDGs is the outcome of Rio+20 conference (2012) held in Rio De Janerio and is a non-binding document.
- The SDGs are broader in scope and are set for the time period 2015-2030
Millennium Development Goals: The MDGs were 8 goals with measurable targets and deadlines to improve the lives of poor across the world. For the same, the historic millennium declaration at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 was signed. The deadline to achieve the 8 targets was decided to be 2015.
India and SDGs : NITI Aayog Index - The NITI Aayog’s introduced SDG India index. It is released as the Baseline Report of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index 2018 With the collaboration of the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Global Green Growth Institute and United Nations in India. The aim behind such an index was to document the progress made by India’s state towards the implementation of the SDG targets.
- The aim of the SDG index is to inculcate competition amongst the state to give an impetus to their performances towards achieving their SDG goals.
- According to NITI Aayog and the UN among the Indian states, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu have topped the list in achieving key SDG goals while Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are the laggards.
- Kerala’s performance can be attributed to its exemplary performance in providing good health, low incidents of hunger and malnourishment, gender equality and quality education.
- Himachal Pradesh stood where it is on account of its success in providing clean water and sanitation and preserving the mountain ecosystem.
- Tamil Nadu has succeeded on account of its provision of clean energy to people and reduced poverty.
- The nation in totality has a score of 58, according to the SDG India Index. It depicts that the country has reached a little more than the halfway mark in meeting the SDG goals.
- The index covers 13 out of the 17 goals. Left out goals include 12,13,14 and 17.
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