UGC NET Study Notes On Traditional and Modern Method of Teaching

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : August 8th, 2022


1. Traditional Teaching methods

  • In most part of our country, traditional methods of teaching are prevalent.
  • The teacher is the only source of knowledge there.
  • The teacher explains the concepts using chalk and blackboard.
  • Students are asked to write the content that is dictated by the teacher.
  • All the focus here is to pass the examination.

Advantages of Traditional Teaching Methods

  • It is not as expensive as a modern teaching method. Therefore, good for students living in rural areas.
  • Teacher and student form a strong bond because they of the interaction on daily basis.
  • Discipline can be maintained.
  • Some subjects like Physics, chemistry and mathematics need explanations which can be understood through blackboard only.
  • Technical knowledge is not needed.
  • No harm to the eyes of a child, unlike modern teaching method.

Traditional Method of Teaching

  • The chalk and talk method.
  • Teacher-centric classroom.
  • Teachers are knowledge dispensers only.
  • Strictly controlled and organized classroom.
  • No problem solving and group learning sessions.
  • The importance is given to clearing exam rather than grasping knowledge.
  • Education is Homework based.
  • Absence of activity to sharpen the minds of students.

2. Modern Teaching Methods

  • In the 21st century, we have seen the introduction of Modern Teaching Methods and more in 2020 due to COVID-19.
  • Students taught in a manner which is technology-driven.
  • It requires creative and innovative minds.
  • The new teaching method which we called the modern teaching method is more activity-based and centres the learner’s mind which involves them entirely into the process of learning. In the modern teaching method, curriculum teaching and planning are done keeping the learner as the primary target.

Characteristics of Modern Teaching Methods

1. Learner-centered

  • It focuses on learners during laboratory lectures or during classroom.
  • The teacher acts only as a guide.
  • In classroom interaction learner appear as a dominator.

2. Task-Based or Activity-based

  • Students are engaged to learn through tasks by the teacher.
  • Students participate in the classroom through these interactive activities.

3. Resource-Based

  • The teacher is resourceful here.
  • Teacher collect and distribute study material to the students so that they understand the topic clearly.
  • The resource can be collected from anywhere- from a school environment or other places.
  • The learner can be the source to bring study material or resources from their end.

4. Interactive in Nature

  • It is very interactive in nature.
  • The teacher asks the students to form small groups to perform the learning tasks.
  • Students gather knowledge from one another.
  • Students work with each other and therefore develops a sense of cooperation.

5. Integrative in Nature

  • The most important characteristics of modern teaching methods is it is integrative.
  • Teachers link topics of one subject, e.g., social science topics like domestic violence, drug use, pollution, the safety of women, food distribution and crime etc to link to other issues.
  • This makes the subject interesting and integrating.
  • Students through this method gain knowledge of more topics.

Advantages of Modern Teaching

1. Cognitive thinking skills

  • Spoon feeding techniques which are part of the traditional method of teaching is not part of modern teaching system.
  • The modern method of teaching develops cognitive thinking.
  • Cognitive thinking is associated with the functioning of the brain. The ability to read, memorize, learn are connected to the brain. It contributes to the development of IQ.

2. Bringing prefrontal cortex into life

  • The modern teaching techniques, like said, focuses more on the core thinking abilities and hence activates the perfect mechanism of the prefrontal cortex.
  • The functions of the prefrontal cortex are considered superior, and triggering them would be the best-explored advantage of these modern teaching techniques.

3. Exploring things

  • For personal development exploring the things where the interest lies is important.
  • It helps in self-learning.
  • Modern teaching methods provoke the interest of students in exploring things. 

4. Application-based skills

  • The traditional method of teaching had limitations with practical knowledge. The teacher here laid more emphasis on theoretical knowledge.
  • The implementation of the modern teaching techniques automatically drives out the unnecessary need for the theoretical part, substituting it with the application-based skills.

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We hope you all understood the Traditional and Modern Methods of Teaching for Paper-1.

Thank you,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep.


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