Levels of teaching
Levels of teaching has been basically categorized in two, One is given by Bloom and another given by Briggs.
According to Bloom’s taxonomy, there are three domain of learning.
- Cognitive domain- it focuses on knowledge.
- Psychomotor Domain- Focuses on skills.
- Affective domain- Focuses on Attitude.
1. It comprises of six sub-categories, namely
- Knowledge- recalling information or contents.
- Comprehension- ability to grasp the meaning of a material.
- Application- converting abstract knowledge into practice.
- Analysis- breaking down a communication into its constituent parts.
- Synthesis- combining the constituent parts into whole
- Evaluation- Judging the value of methods and materials for particular purposes.
2. Knowledge, comprehension, and application involve low order thinking skills and the other three, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation, involve high order thinking skills.
3. Cognitive domain was revised by Lorin Anderson and David Krathwohl in 2001. The new version involves remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analysing, Evaluating, and creating.
1. It includes the following levels.
- Receiving- willingness to listen.
- Responding- willingness to participate.
- Valuing- willingness to be involved.
- Organizing- Willingness to be and advocate of an idea.
- Characterization- willingness to change one’s behaviour or way of life.
2. The domain was proposed by Krathwohl.
3. It is concerned with feelings and emotions, which can be arranged as Receiving, responding, valuing, organization, and characterization.
1. It involves the following different levels
- Imitation- learner tries to replicate in this.
- Manipulation- learner tries to experiment by manipulating.
- Precision- By practising accuracy is improved.
- Articulation- by practising desired level of effectiveness is achieved.
- Naturalization- according to requirement skill is internalized.
2. Also called Kinesthetic domain.
3. It relates to natural, autonomic responses or reflexes.
4. There are different models of psychomotor domain. Simpson has included perception, set, Guided response, Mechanism, complex overt response, mechanism, complex overt response, adaptation and organization.
5. Dave used imitation, manipulation, precision, articulation and naturalization.
6. Harrow talks about movements using by using reflexes movements, fundamental movements, perceptual abilities, physical abilities, skilled movements, and non-discursive communication.
Gagne’s nine levels of teaching
- It is also known as Gagne’s Nine Conditions of learning, Gagne’s nine events of instruction, or Gagne’s taxonomy of learning.
- Robert Gagne in his book 'the condition of learning' identifies the following mental conditions essential for effective learning
Gain attention of students. Voice modulation, gestures, short introductory video, hand-outs, etc, can be used for this purpose.
Inform them about the objectives of what they are about to learn so that their interest will be developed.
It relate the new information with the prior knowledge.
4. Selective perception
Present the new information in an effective and easy-to-understand manner using different methods and aids depending on the needs and level of students.
5. Semantic encoding
Help students to learn and retain new information by use of examples, case studies, storytelling, etc.
At this stage, students can demonstrate what they have learnt through question-answer rounds, role playing, etc.
Provide feedback to students on the basis of their responses and reinforce important points for their clearing doubts and helping in retaining new information.
Assess their performance through some tests.
Students should apply what they have learnt to new situations and conditions, then with practice they will be able to generalize it.
We hope you all understood the terms related to Teaching Aptitude for paper-1 for UGC NET Exam 2021.
Thank you, Team gradeup.