1. Selecting the research area.
- The researcher is expected the state the research areas that want to research.
- The reason: it could be due to professional and personal interests in the area.
- the whole process of doing research becomes easier if one is genuinely interested in the areas of the area of research.
- Therefore, it is never too early to start thinking about the research area for your dissertation.
2. Formulating research aim, objectives and research questions or developing hypotheses.
- These results from several revision and attempts.
- These need to mentioned in the chapter based on methodology.
- The supervisor needs to confirm researchers questions and hypothesis before moving forward with the work.
3. Conducting the literature review
- This stage is the longest stage in the whole research process.
- The literature review starting even before the formulation of the research objective and aims.
- The researcher needs to check if exactly the same research problem has been addressed before.
- The main part of the literature review is done after the formulation of the research objective and aim.
- The researcher has to use a wide range of secondary data sources such as newspaper, books, magazines, journals, online articles etc.
4. Selecting methods of data collection
- Data collection method are to be selected on the basis of analyzing the disadvantages and advantages associated with many alternative data collection methods.
- In research involving primary data collection, in-depth discussions of the disadvantages and advantages of selected primary data collection method need to be included in the methodology of research.
5. Collecting the primary data
- Primary data collection needs to be preceded by a great level of preparation and pilot data collection may be required in the case of questionnaires.
- Primary data collection is not a compulsory stage for all dissertations and researcher can skip this stage if he/she are conducting desk-based research.
6. Data analysis
- Data Analysis plays a crucial role in the achievement of the research objective and aim.
- Data analysis methods vary between primary and secondary studies, as well as, between quantitative and qualiitative studies.
7. Reaching conclusions
- Conclusions relate to the level of achievement of research objectives and aims.
- In this final part of your dissertation, the researcher will have to justify why he/she thinks that research aims and objectives have been achieved.
- The conclusions also have to cover research suggestions and limitations for future research.
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We hope you all understood the research process for Paper-1 for UGC NET Exam 2022.
Team BYJU'S Exam Prep
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