UGC NET Study Notes On Research Process

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : August 8th, 2022

As many of you have cleared the NET or JRF, the next step would be to prepare a research proposal. A typical research process comprises the following stages:


1. Selecting the research area.

  • The researcher is expected the state the research areas that want to research.
  • The reason: it could be due to professional and personal interests in the area.
  • the whole process of doing research becomes easier if one is genuinely interested in the areas of the area of research.
  • Therefore, it is never too early to start thinking about the research area for your dissertation.

2. Formulating research aim, objectives and research questions or developing hypotheses.

  • These results from several revision and attempts.
  • These need to mentioned in the chapter based on methodology.
  • The supervisor needs to confirm researchers questions and hypothesis before moving forward with the work.

3. Conducting the literature review

  • This stage is the longest stage in the whole research process.
  • The literature review starting even before the formulation of the research objective and aims.
  • The researcher needs to check if exactly the same research problem has been addressed before.
  • The main part of the literature review is done after the formulation of the research objective and aim.
  • The researcher has to use a wide range of secondary data sources such as newspaper, books, magazines, journals, online articles etc.

4. Selecting methods of data collection

  • Data collection method are to be selected on the basis of analyzing the disadvantages and advantages associated with many alternative data collection methods.
  • In research involving primary data collection, in-depth discussions of the disadvantages and advantages of selected primary data collection method need to be included in the methodology of research.

5. Collecting the primary data

  • Primary data collection needs to be preceded by a great level of preparation and pilot data collection may be required in the case of questionnaires.
  • Primary data collection is not a compulsory stage for all dissertations and researcher can skip this stage if he/she are conducting desk-based research.

6. Data analysis

  • Data Analysis plays a crucial role in the achievement of the research objective and aim.
  • Data analysis methods vary between primary and secondary studies, as well as, between quantitative and qualiitative studies.

7. Reaching conclusions

  • Conclusions relate to the level of achievement of research objectives and aims.
  • In this final part of your dissertation, the researcher will have to justify why he/she thinks that research aims and objectives have been achieved.
  • The conclusions also have to cover research suggestions and limitations for future research.

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We hope you all understood the research process for Paper-1 for UGC NET Exam 2022.

Thank you,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep


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