What is research
- The term research comprises of two words, namely ‘re’ means again and ‘search’ means to find out.
- Research is a process of enquiry and investigation.
- It is systematic and methodical.
- It increases the knowledge.
- It is a structured enquiry that utilises the acceptable scientific methodology to solve problem and create new knowledge that is generally applicable.
- It is a way of thinking, it examines critically the various aspects of any professional work.
- Any higher learning institute worth its name thrives on research.
Objectives of research
- Create new knowledge
- Create solutions to a problem.
- Investigate existing problem.
- Review the existing knowledge.
- Explore and analyse more general issues.
- Develop new insight into a phenomenon.
Research related important terms
- It is derived from Greek work that means ‘after or behind or among the natural’
- It is a branch of philosophy that deals with abstract concepts such as being, knowledge, identity, time and space.
- It studies questions related to existence, what it is for something to exist and what types of existence there are.
- It asks questions like- 1. What is there? 2. What is it like?
- It is the branch of philosophy concerned with the study of knowledge.
- It deals with origin, nature, scope, and methods to acquire new knowledge.
- It is considered one of the main branches of philosophy, along with ethics, logic, and metaphysics.
- The term was first used by Frederick Ferrier.
- It regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge.
- It tends to believe that logic and reason as the means of acquiring knowledge.
- Mind is given the authority over senses.
- In this logic and reason come first to conclude something before experience.
- It is associated with deduction.
- Rationalism is opposed to empiricism because it believes that certain truth exists and that the intellect can directly grasp these truths.
- It claims that sense experience is the ultimate starting point for all our knowledge.
- The senses give us raw data about the world, and without this raw material, there would be no knowledge at all.
- It emphasises the role of empirical evidences in the formation of ideas, rather than innate ideas or traditions.
- It is a fundamental part of the scientific method that all hypothesis and theories must be tested against observation of natural world.
- It is related to induction.
- It is an approach to conducting research that has been verified by the research community for long and that has been in practice for hundreds of years.
- There is a difference between natural sciences and social sciences and so is the difference between research approaches relating to them.
- Thus, there are two competing paradigms to acquire knowledge. These are positivist paradigm and interpretive paradigms.
- It is associated with quantitative research strategies.
- Most of the Scientific or Quantitative research use Positivism as a conceptual framework of research.
- Positivist believes in empirical hypothesis testing.
- In pure sciences, this approach is preferred because of its empirical nature to study facts.
- Positivists believe that the findings of one study can be generalised to another study of a similar kind regardless of it is conducted in a different environment and situations.
- It is associated with qualitative research strategies.
- It is applicable in Social sciences such as history, sociology, political sciences etc.
- In interpretive approach , the research design should be flexible and unstructured.
- The method should be valid and the research design should generate small-scale and intensive data, using insiders accounts and based on descriptions of what is seen and what is heard.
- The term is closely associated with the work of the German sociologist, Max Weber.
- It means a systematic interpretive process in which an outside observer of a culture attempts to relate to it and understand others.
- Verstehen translates to ‘meaningful understanding; or ‘putting yourself in the shoes of others to see things from their perspective.’
- A theory is a set of systematically related statements, including some law-like generalisations that can be tested empirically.
- A plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena.
- These generalisations provide hypothesis, and those hypothesis determine what must be measured.
We hope these Terminologies related to Research Aptitude will help you to prepare for UGC NET 2021 Exam.