Study Notes On Professional Education For UGC NET Exam (Higher Education)

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : September 20th, 2022

UGC NET Exam is conducted twice a year by NTA. There are ten units in Paper-1 and each unit has equal weightage in the examination. Most Important Topics in UGC NET Environment, Logical Reasoning, Teaching Aptitude, Research Aptitude, Communication, ICT, Higher Education.


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1. Background

  • To understand Professional Education in India, we must first familiarise ourselves with three terms- Profession, Professional and Professionalism.
  • A profession is a job or work that requires specialised training and a higher level of education.
  • Professionals are a group of people with common goals, who are certified or institutionalised by a common governing body to pursue a particular profession.
  • Professionalism is an ideology which stresses a lot on knowledge, skills and ethics than the material benefits that a profession enjoys.

All professions cater to establish a standard behaviour which is clearly evident to the professional as well as a layman. Today, there are a number of professions with a variety of standard behaviour. It must be noted that professional courses are not limited to people in management and industry but there are professional courses which impart special skillset like teaching, writing, nursing, computing, editing, painting, sketching etc. In fact, it is the nature of skillset also that differentiates one profession from another.

Usually, after the completion of these professional courses, students are certified or get a professional degree. For example, some professional courses, in-service training is needed for a better insight into the industry or profession. For example, students pursuing teacher training course are made to serve in schools to get the sense of the actual professional, students of management are made to do an internship with some good company for the hands-on experience etc.

2. Expansion of Professional Education

Even in ancient India, professional courses were quite popular. This included courses like martial arts, astrology, Ayurveda, arts and music and so on. These were not just imparted to Indian students but also foreign students coming from far off countries. A lot of changes have happened in India in terms of administration, the form of governments and political power. The blend of different philosophies can be seen in the modern-day education system. In its very present form, we see that professional education has expanded to a great extent. The number of students enrolled in professional courses has increased by several times in comparison to that at independence.

Some of the reasons for the expansion of professional education in India are:

  1. One major reason has been the increase in the enrolment of students belonging to backward classes and women in professional institutes.
  2. Growth in the number of institutions that delivers professional courses has resulted in the growth of professional education in India. Earlier, professional education was limited to the public sector only (IITs, IIMs, AIIMs, etc). However, professional education has made a way for the private sector also giving a boom to new colleges and universities such as Shardha University, LPU, IIPM, etc.
  3. Another reason has been the diversification in the areas of teaching and learning and the emergence of new areas of specialisation. There has been a professional course in the fields of biotechnology, digital marketing, educational technology, artificial intelligence, ethical hacking, etc.

3. University Grants Commission and Professional Education

  • The University Grants Commission (UGC) has decided to encourage self- financing private institutions that offer professional education by deliberating upon the promising ones that are yet to fully comply with all the statutory requirements the provisional status of Deemed Universities.
  • Thereafter, these institutions can apply to the UGC through the Ministry of Human Resource Development for the status of deemed universities.

4. National Education Policy, 2019 and Professional Education

  • The Kasturirangan Committee has presented a simple and yet ambitious articulation of India’s Education Policy. In terms of higher education, the NEP has given due importance to vocational education by integrating it across the continuum of education.
  • Another contribution to expanding professional courses and making them more accessible has been the use of digital resources.
  • SWAYAM and SWAYAM Prabha have already been launched. According to the MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development), courses from senior secondary (class eleven and twelve) to the post-graduate level shall be available through SWAYAM. Swayam Prabha will cover courses from Class IX level to IIT and other professional exams preparatory courses.

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Team BYJU'S Exam Prep

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