UGC NET Study Notes on New Education Policy

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : August 9th, 2022

UGC NET Exam consists of Paper-1 and Paper-2. Paper-1 is common for all, and Paper-2 is subject-specific. Higher Education is the most important part of paper-1. Every year 5 question comes directly from this section. Therefore, holistic preparation of every topic is necessary to clear NET/NET-JRF. One should not miss any topic and prepare thoroughly. In today's post, we are providing study notes on New Education Policy 2019. Prepare it thoroughly.

New Education Policy

  • First, the National education policy was formulated in 1968 under the government of Indira Gandhi.
  • Second, the National education policy was formulated in 1986 under the government of Rajiv Gandhi.
  • The latest New Education Policy was formulated in 2017 under the government of Narendra Modi.
  • The Committee to draft New Policy on Education was headed by K.Kasturirangan.
  • The Ministry of Human Resources and Development constituted a Committee in 2017
  • Committee recommendation on Education ranges from School to Higher Education.

1. School Education

Early Childhood care and Education

  • The Committee observed deficiencies in early childhood learning programs.
  • To overcome the deficiencies, the Committee recommended developing a two-part curriculum for early childhood care and Education. This will be done with the help of Anganwadi and primary schools.
  1. First for up to three-year-old children with the support of Parents and teachers.
  2. Second for 3-8-year-old children.

The Right to Education Act (RTE Act)

  • Currently, the RTE Act provides free and compulsory Education from 6-14.
  • Committee recommended including early childhood education and secondary school education.
  • This will cover all children from age three to eighteen.
  • Committee further recommended that there should be no detention of children till class eight.

Curriculum Framework

  • Committee recommended restructuring school education.
  • It proposed 5+3+3+4.
  • First, Five years as foundational stage ( 3 years of pre-primary school and classes 1 & 2)
  • Second, three years of preparatory stage(class 3 to 5)
  • Third, three years of middle stage (class 6 to 8)
  • Fourth, four years of secondary stage (class 9 to 12).

School exam reforms

  • Committee recommended State Census Examination in classes 3, 5, and 8.
  • Committee further recommended the removal of school examination by board examination where only core concepts, skills, and higher order capacities will be tested.

School Infrastructure

  • The Committee recommended that a school complex be formed by bringing all public schools.
  • This complex will comprise one secondary school (class 9-12) and all neighborhood public schools from pre-primary to class eight.

Teacher management

  • The Committee recommended that teachers not be allowed to participate in non-teaching activities during school hours.
  • It is further recommended that a teacher will be deployed at a particular school complex for 5-7 years.
  • Also, an existing program of, B.Ed will be replaced by 4 years integrated B.Ed program.
  • A teacher must undergo continuous professional development training of 50 hours every year.

Regulation of school

  • The Committee recommended creating an independent state school regulatory authority for each state.
  • This regulatory authority will prescribe a basic uniform standard for public and private schools.
  • Department of Education will monitor and supervise this regulatory authority.

2. Higher Education

  • According to the All India Survey on Higher Education, the Gross Enrolment ratio (GER) in higher Education in India has increased from 20.8% in 2011-12 to 25.8% in 2017-18.
  • Committee aimed to increase GER from 25.8 % to 50 % by 2035.

Regulatory structure and accreditation

  • Committee recommended setting up of National Higher Education regulatory authority (NHRA).
  • AICTE and Bar Council of India's role would be limited to setting standards for professional practice.
  • UGC's role would be limited to providing grants to higher educational institutions.
  • The Committee recommended separating NAAC from UGC and making it a top-level accreditor that issues licenses to different accreditation institutions.
  • These different institutions will assess higher education institutions once every 5-7 years.

Financing Education

  • Committee recommended public investment of 6% of GDP.
  • Currently, public investment in Education is 2.7% of GDP
  • In the next 10 years, the Committee recommended increasing public investment in Education from 10% to 20%.

Technology in Education

  • National Mission on Education through information and communication technology- the Committee, recommended establishing this forum to advise central and state-government on technology-based interventions.
  • National repository on Educational Data- Committee recommended setting this digital repository to store all records related to institutions, teachers, and students.

Education in the Indian language

  • Till grade 5 committee recommended Education in mother tongue/local language/home language and preferable till 8th grade.
  • Committee recommended three language formula as recommended by the first national educational policy.
  • National Institute of Pali, Persian, and Prakrit will be set up to promote Indian languages.

Adult Education

  • Committee recommended the establishment of an autonomous Central Institute of Adult Education (CIAE) under NCERT.
  • CIAE will develop a national Curriculum framework for adult education.
  • The framework will cover five areas: foundational literacy and numeracy, critical life skills development, basic Education, and continuing Education.
  • School complexes will include adult education centers.
  • National Institute of Open Schooling will start a relevant course for youth and adults.
  • Under the national adult tutors program, a cadre of adult education instructors and managers will be created.

Vocational Education

  • Committee recommended vocational Education in at least one vocation in grades 9-12.
  • Committee targets to offer vocational Education up to 50% of the total enrolment in higher education institutions by 2025. Currently, this is below 10%.

We hope you understood about New Education policy 2019 for UGC NET Exam.

Thank you,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep.


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