Methods of teaching
‘If a child can’t learn the way the way we teach, we should teach the way they learn’ – Ignacio Estrada
To make the learning efficient and effective and to attain the desired learning outcome, the teacher has a number of methods at his disposal to select from. These methods are as follows:
1. Large Group teaching methods
- Team teaching
- TV or Video presentation
2. Small group teaching methods
- Group discussion
- Panel discussion
- Brain storming
- Project method
3. Individualised teaching method
- Project work
- Case study
- Programmed Instruction
- Computer-assisted learning
- Interactive video
- Open learning
- Personalised system of instruction
- Heuristic method
Large Group Method
1. Lecture method
- In situations with scarce resources or shortage of time lecture method is only way.
- Before practising anything theoretical knowledge must be build, lecture method helps here.
- This method is economical as it can cover large audience.
- It gives the flexibility of adapting the lecture according to time and equipment available
- Students become passive listeners so teacher has to make extra way effort to make it two-way communication.
- It is not suitable for developing mental skills.
2. Team teaching Method
- In this two or more teachers are involved in planning, executing, and evaluating the learning experiences of a group of students.
- In this best faculty is shared by more students.
- But finding teachers with special competencies is a difficult task.
- More teachers are required so more time is required for planning and scheduling.
3. TV or video presentation
- This method can virtually bring the whole world inside a classroom
- Screening of video presentation is followed by a discussion or task.
- Important personalities sitting far way are brought to the classroom through video presentation
- This method get further enhanced by teaching aids such as slides, models, specimens, etc.
Small Group teaching Methods
1. Group discussion
- it is a form of communication and interaction within a group around a topic, skill, issue or problem presented to the group.
- It could be planned, partly planned and unplanned.
- Critical thinking, free flow of ideas and opinions are its part.
- It enhances one’s verbal and non-verbal skills.
- Domination by few individual on the basis of better communication is a possibility.
- Biasness in the evaluation of trainees by instructor.
- In this one or more trainee prepare a paper on a given topic, issue or a problem which is then presented before a group. Thereafter discussion and analysis follows.
- The main stage in seminar are preparation of paper, presentation of paper, and discussion on it.
- In this presentation skills of trainee get enhanced and group leadership develops.
- But it is time consuming and can stress to participants.
3. Panel Discussion
- It consists of small group of six to eight persons.
- The discussion here is guided and informal.
- The leader must select those panel members only who can think and speak freely.
- It is more interesting to audience than the single speaker.
- But bringing experts to single platform can be difficult.
- Audience participation here is nil.
- On a given topic large number of ideas are produced quickly by a group.
- In this any one can input ideas at anytime except that criticism of ideas are not allowed.
- Quantity of ideas is more important than quality.
- Brainstorming goes on for several rounds till all the ideas are exhausted.
- Best ideas are selected after evaluation.
- It encourages trainers to be creative and produce, think and explore ideas.
- But there is a possibility of some trainees being reluctant to participate.
5. Project Method
- This is individualised or a small group instruction.
- In this students explore and experience their environment.
- Emphasis is on experimental learning rather than rote learning and memorisation.
- In the student will develop critical thinking and working in teams.
- But additional resources and continuous monitoring may be required.
6. Role playing
- It is used to help solve classroom interpersonal problems and to teach human-relation skills in the classroom.
- In this dramatisation of literary work, historical work and current events take place to facilitate subject matter learning.
- It is interactive and interesting and entails participation of every member of the group.
- But it requires a considerable amount of resources and real life situation are usually more complex.
- In this training is provided under created conditions which are similar to actual conditions.
- For example- training of astronauts for Gangayan mission.
- They are economical and safety is specially taken care of.
- But high initial investment in machinery and equipment is required.
8. Demonstration Method
- In this things are learned by doing and learning from concrete to abstract.
- It is defined as a combination of verbal explanation coupled with a live display of using apparatus for presenting important facts, ideas, or processes.
- It entails audio-visual explanation.
- It is effective in explaining materials, objects, ideas and abstract topics.
- But only few get opportunities to participate in the experimental process
Second part will be updated tomorrow.
We hope these Methods of Teaching, part of Teaching Aptitude will help you to prepare for UGC NET 2020 Exam.
Team BYJU'S Exam Prep