In the last post we started discussion about Methods of teaching which is a important component of Teaching Aptitude for UGC NET EXAM 2020. Methods of teaching is divided into three parts.
- Large group methods
- Small group methods
- Individualised methods
First and second parts are covered in yesterday’s post. Third part is given below
Individualised Teaching Method
The individualised methods of instruction can be defined as instructions designed to meet the needs of an individual learner and to accommodate the differences displayed between the learners.
Following are the main method of teaching in Individualised method.
- Project work
- Case study
- Programmed Instruction
- Computer-assisted learning
- Interactive video
- Open learning
- Personalised system of instruction
- Heuristic method
- This method is used to teach small group of students.
- It is used for solving problems, providing individual guidance, and sorting personal problems.
- In this students are guided as per their needs, learning, comprehending concepts, principles and their applications.
- In this focused attention is given leading to generation of new kind of ideas.
- Teaching is controlled at better pace.
- But it can be time consuming because pace of students vary greatly in abilities.
- In this teacher plays a critical role in assigning assignments
- Teacher guides the student regarding references for collecting relevant information.
- The main purpose of assignment for students is acquiring additional information, surveying, application of knowledge and solving numerical problems.
- It helps students work independently.
- But the main disadvantage is copying by students of other material.
3. Case study
- It requires participation and involvement from the students in the classroom.
- It is a description of an actual situation, commonly involving a decision, a challenge, an opportunity, a problem, or an issue faced by a person in a social set up such as an organisation.
- The student must deal with situation described in the case, that is, the role of a decision maker facing the situation.
- It is learner-centred rather than teacher-centred method.
- It enhances decision-making and problem-solving skills.
- But it is not useful for all subjects and situations.
4. Programmed Instruction
- It is a structured system of learning based on logical sequence.
- The learner get immediate feedback between each step.
- This method insures active participation of the learner, and it can be used for any subject.
- But learner motivation gets diminished after sometimes.
5. Personalised system of instruction
- It can be used for all subject mattes except where the students are to select the contents.
- Learners must achieve mastery of a series of written mastery units, assisted by teachers, proctors, and enriching lectures before proceeding to the final test.
- It consists of five stages
- Master learning
- Stress on written material
- It facilitates self-paced learning.
- But is not suitable for rapidly changing course contents
6. Computer assisted learning
- In this learning process computer is used to mediate the flow of information.
- Computer process information much quickly and accurately to the respond to the need of learner.
- It has more flexibility and better control in comparison to other methods
- It can be used for practising, simulation, modelling and drilling.
- But it is expensive and impersonal.
7. Open Learning
- In this regular classes are not necessary
- The learner must have open access to learning resources of people, material, equipment and accommodation
- In this learner-package has to be developed making use of multimedia.
- It offers flexibility to learner.
- But this method is not suitable for rapidly changing nature of content as this involves time, expertise, and resources.
8. Interactive video
- This approach can be employed to achieve cognitive, psychometric and affective learning objectives.
- In this learner can access any piece of information randomly and provide immediate feedback regarding the consequences of their action.
- In this video simulation and video presentation of real is possible.
- It enhances the decision-making power of the individual.
- But it time consuming and requires resources and expertise
9. Heuristic Method
- Advocated by professor Armstrong
- In this students has to find the answers of their problem by unaided efforts.
- Spirit of enquiry and discovery of knowledge is the important part.
- It is based on self-learning approach.
- But there is no focus on factual knowledge
10. Differentiated instruction
- It is a dynamic, proactive method of teaching.
- In this teacher employs innovative and variety of way to teach.
- Qualitative aspect matter more than Quantitative.
- It is student-centred- lessons are engaging, relevant, interesting, and active.
- It is a combination of whole group, small group and individual instruction method.
We hope these Methods of Teaching, part of Teaching Aptitude will help you to prepare for UGC NET 2020 Exam.