Study Notes On ICT & Higher Education Abbreviations For UGC NET Exam

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : March 24th, 2024

UGC NET Exam is conducted twice a year by NTA. There are ten units in Paper-1 and each unit has equal weightage in the examination. Most Important Topics in UGC NET Environment, Logical Reasoning, Teaching Aptitude, Research Aptitude, Communication, ICT, Higher Education.

ICT & Higher Education Abbreviations for UGC NET 2024

• Ministry of skill development signed an agreement with to carry out a nationwide Train-the trainer in basic artificial intelligence skills programme.

Answer: IBM

• Which ministry launched the ‘digital payment Abhiyan’ in collaboration with Data security
council of India & Google India to increase awareness about the digital transactions in India?

Answer: MeitY (7 languages)

• Which company issued a statement of intent with MeitY, for rolling out ‘build for digital India

Answer: Google

• The Global Internet body ICANN (Internet corporation for Assigned names and Numbers) has
partnered with which of the following to develop identifier technology?


• Union Civil Aviation Ministry launched which app in New Delhi for improved grievance mgmt.
including social media grievances which will also provide Secure sign-up & log-in w/social media.

Answer: Air Sewa 2.0 web portal & mobile app

• IIT Madras has designed India’s 1st indigenous microprocessor. It is aimed at developing
industrial-grade microprocessors & other components of microprocessor ecosystem. What is its

Answer: Shakti

• What is the name of APIs that allows govt., start-ups & developers to utilise unique digital
Infrastructure to solve hard problems towards paperless & cashless service delivery?

Answer: India Stack

• An initiative to make 6 crore persons in rural areas, States/UTs, digitally literate, by covering at
least one member from every eligible household?

Answer: Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan’ (PMGDISHA)

• World’s Smallest computer

Answer: M3 (Michigan Micro moto, 1 m^3)

• What is digiVARRTA?

Answer: Vehicle to accelerate, access and reach to transformational action (digital payment) 


1) Domain Name:

It is the unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always
have two or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, the part
on the right is the most general.

  • .org- Organisation
  • .net -Network
  • .com- Commercial
  • .edu- Education
  • .gov -Government
  • .mil- Military

2) Computer Memory:

Blue ray disk : Blu-ray (not Blue-ray) also known as Blu-ray Disc (BD), is the name of a new
optical disc format which is jointly developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA), The
format offers more than 5 times the storage capacity of older DVDs and can hold up to 25GB
on a single-layer disc & 50GB on a dual layer disc.

3) Software terms:

  • HTTP - Hyper Text Transmission Protocol
  • IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol
  • SSL - Secure Socket Layer
  • TCP - Transmission Control Protocol
  • FTP - File Transfer Protocol
  • TFTP - Trivial File Transfer Protocol
  • SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SGML - Standard Generalized Mark-up Language
  • HTML - Hyper Text mark-up language
  • ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • ACPI - Advanced Configuration Power Interface
  • ANSI - American National Standard Institute
  • CGA - Computer Graphic Application
  • CSS - Cascading Style Sheets
  • DOS - Disc Operating System
  • IDE - Integrated Development Environment
  • MIPS - Million instructions per second
  • UPS - Uninterrupted Power supply.
  • ASR - Assisted speech recognition
  • BIOS - Basic Input output System
  • NLP - Natural Language processing
  • PDF - Portable Document Format
  • OCR - Optical Character recognition
  • CERN - Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Nuclear research centre)
  • WAP - Wireless application protocol
  • VR - Virtual reality
  • IoT - Internet of Things
  • VLE - Virtual learning environment


Operating System: Operating System is a program that acts as an intermediary between a
computer user & computer hardware. The operating system is an important component of the
system software in a computer system. Application programs generally requires an operating
system to perform.

• Stand- Alone Operating System: A standalone operating system is a complete operating
system that works on a desktop computer, or notebook computer. Client operating systems can
work with/without a network.
• An embedded system: It is a computer that is part of a dedicated kind of machine.
Embedded systems examples include computers in cars, traffic lights, digital televisions, ATMs,
airplane controls etc.
• Mobile Operating System: A mobile operating system, also known as mobile OS, is an
operating system that is dedicatedly designed to run on mobile phones, smartphones, PDAs,
tablet computers etc.
• Buffering
It is the pre-loading of data into a reserved area of memory, which is also called as buffer. With
respect to streaming audio or video from the Internet, buffering refers to downloading some
amount of data before starting to play the music, movie etc.
• Spooling
Spooling is the overlapping of low speed operations with normal processing. Spooling originated
with mainframes in order to optimise slow operations.


• TCP: TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is a standard that defines how to establish and
maintain a network conversation via which application programs can exchange data. TCP
works with the Internet Protocol (IP), which defines how computers send packets of data to
each other.
• IP Address: Sometimes called a “dotted quad”. A unique number consists of four parts separated
by the dots, e.g. is an IP number of one of the servers. Every machine that is on the
Internet has a unique IP number - if a machine does not have an IP number, it is not really on the
• MAC Address: This is the address of the device on physical layer, called as media access control.
It is usually stored on the network adapter card and is unique.
• VoIP: A Voice over IP call, or VoIP call, utilizes packet-switched Voice over Internet Protocol
(VoIP)/Internet telephony as different to the circuit-switched telephony used by the earlier
Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN).

• Cloud computing: It is used to describe different services over a network by a collection of
servers. These computers enable the visiting users to have access to much faster computers or
servers, which are able to access programs/services from anywhere with Internet access often
without having to install other software.
• NIC: Network Interface card, also known as an Ethernet card and network adapter and is an
expansion card that enables a computer to connect to a network such as a home network or the
Internet using an Ethernet cable with a RJ-45 connector.
• Proxy server-: A proxy is a computer server/software program that is part of the gateway server
which separates a local network from outside networks.
• Web page-: A web page or webpage is a document mostly written in Hyper Text Mark-up
Language (HTML) is accessible through the Internet/other network using a web browser.
• Firewall-: A firewall is a software utility or hardware device that limits outside network access to
a computer/local network by blocking the different network ports. Firewalls are a great step for
helping prevent un-authorized access to a company or home network.

• Gateway: A gateway is an interconnecting device which joins two different network together
they are also known as protocol converters.
• Network Router: It is a network device with interfaces in multiple networks whose task is to copy
packets from one network to another.
• Network Switch: Network Switch is a small hardware device that joins multiple computers
together within one local area network (LAN).
• Network Hub: A hub is a small Network Device. A hub joins multiple computers (or other
network devices) together to form a single network segment. On this network segment, all
computers can communicate directly with each other.
• Network Repeater: Network repeaters regenerate incoming electrical, wireless or optical signals.
With physical media like Ethernet, data transmissions can only span a limited distance before
the quality of the signal degrades. Repeaters attempt to preserve signal integrity and extend the
distance over which data/information can travel safely.
• Channel Capacity: It is the speed of transmission of information. Often refer as data rate in
digital terminology.
• Bandwidth: The physical limitation of underlying media.
• Error-rate: Incorrect reception of information due of noise.
• Encoding: The number of levels used for signalling.
• Meta Search Engines: They automatically enters search queries into a number of other search engines and return the results.

6. ICT in Higher Education:

• NPTEL -National Programme on Technology Exchange Learning
• GRID GARUD – First National grid bringing together academic, scientific and research
• NKN – National Knowledge network
• NDL – National Digital Library
• NAD – National Academic Depository
• e-Shodh Sindhu – Collection of international Journals and e-books
• e- Vidwan – An expert database and National Researcher’s Network
• e- Kalpa – Digital learning environment for design in India.
• e- Yantra – Initiative to include Robotics into engineering
• BHIM - Bharat Interface for Money
• NPCI - National Payment cooperation of India
• SWAYAM – Study webs of active learning for young aspiring minds
• NMEICT - National mission on Education through information and communication

Subscribe the YouTube Channel: Click Here

Thank You

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep


write a comment

Follow us for latest updates