Study Notes On Government Schemes To Improve Education For UGC NET Paper-1

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : September 21st, 2022

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Samagra Shiksha

  • It subsumes three Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).
  • This scheme treats school education holistically as a continuum from Pre-school to Class 12.
  • It envisages school education as a continuum from pre-school to senior secondary level and aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education.
  • The main emphasis of the Scheme is on improving the quality of school education by focussing on the two T’s – Teacher and Technology.

Right to Education Act

  • The act was amended in 2017 to ensure that all teachers acquire the minimum qualifications prescribed under the Act.
  • Further, to improve quality of education- Central RTE Rules have been amended to include a reference on class-wise and subject-wise Learning Outcomes.

Navodaya Vidyalaya

  • The Navodaya Vidyalaya Scheme provides for opening of one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) in each district of the country to bring out the best of rural talent, and provide them quality education comparable to the best in a residential school system.

NISHTHA – National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement

  • It is under Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Samagra Shiksha.
  • It aims at building the capacities of around 42 lakh teachers and head of schools, faculty members of SCERTs, DIETs, Block Resource Coordinators, and Cluster Resource Coordinators by training them to encourage and foster critical thinking in students, handle diverse situations and act as first level counsellors.

National Curriculum Framework

  • The National Curriculum Framework promotes joyful learning through cultural activities including art, music, dance and theatre is playing a very critical role in a student’s life and school activities.

Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Program (DHRUV)

  • The programme was launched to identify and encourage talented students to enrich their skills and knowledge.
  • (DIKSHA) platform to broad base technology-aided teaching and learning.
  • Other e-content sites like e-pathshala, National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) are also being integrated with DIKSHA to ensure easy access.

New Education Policy

  • It aims to meet the changing dynamics of the requirements of the population with regard to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry.

Initiatives taken for improving the quality of learning and teaching in higher education

Higher Education

Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya National Mission on Teachers and Teaching (PMMMNMTT)

  • It aims at building a strong professional cadre of teachers by setting performance standards and creating top class institutional.

Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)

  • It aims to provide a sustainable financial model for higher education institutions, Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas, AIIMS and other educational institutions of the Ministry of Health.
  •  Under it, projects worth 37,001.21 crores have been approved and the 75 educational institutions have availed funding through the agency.

National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT)

  • This scheme aims at promoting the use of Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalised and customised as per the requirements of the learner.

Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP)

  • It is a five-year vision plan aiming at ushering transformation in India’s higher education system by implementing strategic interventions in the sector over the next five years (2019-2024).


  • It aims to offer online degree programmes with enhanced features and facilities by top-ranking universities.

Deeksharambh’ and ‘PARAMARSH’

  • Launched by Dept of Higher Education.
  • It aims to mentor institutions seeking National Assessment and Accreditation Council accreditation.

We hope you all understood the above Government Schemes for improvement in Education.

Thank you

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep


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