Study Notes on Environmental Organisations for Paper-1 for UGC NET Exam

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : October 7th, 2022

UGC NET EXAM consists of Paper 1 and Paper 2. Environment constitute the most important section of Paper-1. Every year 5 questions comes directly from this part. If an Aspirant aims to clear NET/ NET-JRF than holistic preparation of each and every section of Paper-1 becomes important. In today's post we are providing study notes on various Environmental Organisations. Read them thoroughly.

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Environmental Organisations


  • It was set up in 1962, under Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Acts 1960.
  • The Board consists of 28 Members with tenure of 3 years.
  • Its headquarter has been shifted from Chennai to Ballabhgarh in Haryana in 2018.
  • It is a statutory advisory body on Animal Welfare Laws.
  • It promotes animal welfare in the country.
  • Shrimati Rukmini Devi Arundale pioneered the setting up of the Board.


  • To advise the central government on Prevention of Cruelty to Animals law and amendments that need to take place in it.
  • To advise the Central Government to make necessary changes in law for preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals.
  • To advise the Government or any local authority or other person on improvements in the design of vehicles so as to lessen the burden on draught animals.
  • To take all necessary steps to improve conditions of animals and providing veterinary assistance in time of need.
  • To advise the Government on the design of slaughter houses or the maintenance of slaughter houses or in connection with slaughter of animals so that unnecessary pain or suffering is eliminated and animals are killed, wherever necessary, in as humane a manner as possible.
  • To assist financially any other Animal Welfare Organisations working on Animal issues or to encourage the formation of Animal Welfare Organisations which shall work under the general supervision and guidance of the Board.


  • It was constituted in 1992 under Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972.
  • It aims to oversee the functioning and development of zoos in the country.
  • It recognises Zoos under the norms and standards prescribed by it. Only the recognised zoos are allowed to operate.


  • It specifies the minimum standards that zoos are to keep for well being of animals.
  • For captive breeding it identifies wild animals and it assigns to the responsibility to the zoo regarding this.
  • It trains and coordinates with zoo personnel in India and abroad.
  • It provides technical assistance to zoos for management on scientific lines.
  • It takes cognisance of any offence committed in Zoos.
  • It grants licences, certificate of ownership, recognition, etc


  • It was established in 2003 to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002).
  • It is a Statutory and Autonomous Body.
  • It performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory function for the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.


  • It gives prior approval for any kind of intellectual property rights on a research based upon biological resource or knowledge obtained from India.
  • It protects knowledge of local people relating to biodiversity and provides for equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of their biological resources.
  • It advises the State Governments regarding selection of important biodiversity areas to be notified as heritage sites.
  • The State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) are also established and they advises the state government on matters relating to the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of biological resources.
  • The local level Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) are responsible for promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity and chronicling of knowledge relating to biological diversity.


  • Constituted on 6th June 2007 under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • The bureau would support the efforts of the state governments, in implementing and enforcing the Act.


  • It would collect and collaborate data with Wildlife Crime data bank.
  • It would coordinate with various enforcement authorities towards the implementation of the provisions of this Act.
  • It would implement obligations under the various international Conventions and protocols.
  • It would assist concerned authorities in foreign countries and concerned international organisations to facilitate coordination and universal action for wildlife crime control.
  • It would develop infrastructure for scientific and professional investigation.
  • It would advice the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, and suggest changes required in relevant policy and laws from time to time.


  • Ministry of Environment and Forests has been implementing agency since 2001 for conservation and management of polluted and degraded lakes in urban and semi-urban areas.


  • It aims to restore and conserve the urban and semi-urban lakes of the country degraded due to waste water discharge into the lake and other unique freshwater eco systems, through an integrated ecosystem approach.
  • It aims at prevention of pollution from point sources by intercepting, diverting and treating it the pollution loads entering the lake.
  • It aims at prevention of pollution from non-point sources by providing low cost sanitation.
  • It creates public awareness and public participation.
  • It helps in capacity building, training and research in the area of Lake Conservation.


  • It was constituted on February 2009 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • The Authority has both regulatory and developmental functions.
  • It is a planning, financing, monitoring and coordinating body of the centre and the states.


  • NGRBA aim is to ensure effective abatement of pollution and conservation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach for comprehensive planning and management.
  • The Authority will take measures for effective abatement of pollution and conservation of the river Ganga in keeping with sustainable development needs

Namami Gange Programme

  • It is an umbrella programme which integrates previous and currently ongoing initiatives by enhancing efficiency, extracting synergies and supplementing them with more comprehensive & better coordinated interventions.
  • It will be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterparts—State Programme Management Groups.

National Ganga Council (NGC)

  • Created in October 2016 after dissolving the National Ganga River Basin Authority under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016.
  • it is headed by Prime Minister.
  • It will consist of five chief ministers of Ganga basin states—Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh (UP), Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal—besides several Union ministers and it was supposed to meet once every year.

Aim of National Ganga council

  1. Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
  2. River-Surface Cleaning
  3. Afforestation
  4. Industrial Effluent Monitoring
  5. River-Front Development
  6. Bio-Diversity
  7. Public Awareness
  8. Ganga Gram


  • It is an NGO founded in 1998.
  • It aims to conserve nature, especially endangered species and threatened habitats, in partnership with communities and governments.
  • It is committed to the protection of India’s wildlife; it achieves this by working in partnership with local communities and governments on a range of projects, from species rehabilitation to the prevention of the illegal wildlife trade.

We hope you like the study notes on Environmental Organisations for Paper-1 for UGC NET EXAM 2022.

Thank you,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep


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