Study Notes on Directive Principles of State Policy for UGC NET Paper-1

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : April 27th, 2023

UGC NET Exam is conducted twice a year by NTA. There are ten units in Paper-1 and each unit has equal weightage in the examination. Most Important Topics in UGC NET Environment, Logical Reasoning, Teaching Aptitude, Research Aptitude, Communication, ICT, Higher Education.


Also, Register for Our Free Workshop - Click Here

In the last post, we provided notes on Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties. Today, we are providing notes Directive Principles of State Policy. Expect 1 question from these two topic. Prepare them thoroughly. 

  • Part IV of the constitution contains the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy goes on from Articles 36-51.
  • They are borrowed from Irish Constitution which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution.
  • Dr B.R Ambedkar described these principles as ‘novel features’ of the constitution.
  • These are the ideals that the state should keep in mind when it formulates policies and enacts laws.

Based on content and directions, DPSPs can be classified into three types:

  1. Socialistic Principles,
  2. Gandhian Principles and,
  3. Liberal-Intellectual Principles.

Socialistic Principles

  • These lay down the idea of socialism and the framework of the democratic socialist state.
  • These aim at providing social and economic justice and the path the state should follow towards the welfare state.

Article 38

  • It promotes the welfare of the people by securing a social order through justice—social, economic and political—and to minimise inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities.

Article 39

  • The state should provide:
  • Right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens
  • Equitable distribution of material resources of the community for the common good
  • Prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production
  • Equal pay for equal work for men and women
  • Preservation of the health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse
  • Opportunities for the healthy development of children

Article 39A

  • The state should provide equal justice and free legal aid to the poor

Article 41

  • The state should provide Right to work, education, and public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, secure citizens:

Article 42

  • It aims to make provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.

Article 43

  • The state has to secure a living wage, a decent standard of living and social and cultural opportunities for all workers

Article 43A

  • The state has to take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries

Article 47

  • It aims to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve public health.

Gandhian Principles

Article 40

  • It aims to organise village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government

Article 43

  • It aims to promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas.

Article 43B

  • It aims to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies.

Article 46

  • It aims to promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of the society and to protect them from social injustice and exploitation.

Article 47

  • It aims to prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health

Article 48

  • It aims to prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds

Liberal-Intellectual Principles

Article 44

  • It aims to secure for all citizens a uniform civil code throughout the country.

Article 45

  • It aims to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.

Article 48

  • It aims to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines.

Article 49

  • It aims to protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance.

Article 50

  • It aims to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.

Article 51

  • It aims to promote international peace and security and maintain just and honourable relations between nations and foster respect for international law and treaty obligations and further to encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.

We hope you understood all DPSPs for Paper-1 for the upcoming UGC NET Exam 2023.


Thank you,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep.


write a comment

Follow us for latest updates