# Study Notes For General Aptitude (Part A): Word Formation and Alphabetical Reasoning!

By Renuka Miglani|Updated : April 21st, 2023

The upcoming CSIR NET 2023 exam is not so far away and it is the right time for the candidates to roll their sleeves and devote all their time to preparing themselves for it. While preparing for the examination, it is very important to revise the concepts and topics that they have covered so far. They must also practice as many mocks as they can to ensure the time and speed they take to complete the questions. The candidates should focus on practicing the questions that have been repeated often in previous year's question papers. Word Formation and Alphabetical Reasoning is one such topic that can help you score well within the time limitation of the important and most scoring topics of the General Aptitude (Part A) through which one can score full marks in this section.

Time management, proper exam strategies, and being updated on the news regarding the exam can be the key to success for the student. The study notes can be the best way to revise the topics simply in no time. We at BYJU'S EXAM PREP Prep have formulated study notes for Word Formation and Alphabetical Reasoning under the General Aptitude to help their CSIR NET 2023 preparations easily.

We've come up with the study notes on Word Formation and Alphabetical Reasoning for the upcoming exam CSIR-NET 2023. Scroll down the article below and learn this concept to crack the exam. has not been floated

## Study Notes On Word Formation and Alphabetical Reasoning

Alphabetical Reasoning:

The questions are usually based on the place of the English letter and with reference to their position, we find out the logic behind and solve the question.

This type of question varies on the arrangement of alphabetical order. It can be Backward, first half backward, second half backward, multiple letter segments in changed order etc. Some of the questions asked are based on finding the middle letter of two specified letters and in some questions, it is asked that which letters do not change their place after alphabet arrangement. So, the detailed explanation with examples is as follow:

Place of letter in forwarding order

In this type of questions the exact letter has to be found out with the help of direction of place given in the question. The example discussed as below will give you a better

idea about this type of questions.

Ex 1: Find the 11th letter to the left of 20th letter from left in the English alphabet.

1. D
2. J
3. K

Solution: (d)

Let us see

Hence, 11th letter to the left of 20th letter from left is I.

Alternate Method

In English alphabet 11th letter to the left of 20th letter of your left =(20-11) th letter from the left=9th letter from the left =I

Place Of Letter in Completely Backward Order

In such questions the order of letters is completely reversed or they are counted from Z to A and then the place of letter is asked with the help of direction.

Ex 2: If English alphabet is written in backward order, then what will be 13th letter to the left of the 3rd letter from right?

1. a) P
2. b) N
3. c) R
4. d) Q

Solution: (a)

Backward order is written as

Now, the 13th letter to left of the 3rd letter from right is P.

Alternate Method

In backward order of alphabet,13th letter to the left of the 3rd letter of your right

=(3+13)th letter from right =16th letter from right P.

Place of a Letter When First Half is in Backward Order

In such type of question, only the 1st half of the order of alphabetical series is reversed and remaining are left unaltered i.e., order of A to M is reversed and then questions related

to position of latter are asked.

Ex 3: If 1st half of the English alphabet is written in backward order, then what will be the 7th letter to the left the 10th letter from your right?

C

E

D

J

Solution: (c) Let us see

The 7th letter to the left of 10th letter from our right is D.

Place of a Letter When Second Half is in Backward Order

In such type of questions the 2nd half is reversed i.e., from N to Z and remaining are kept as it is and then questions related to place of English alphabet are asked.

Ex 4: If 2nd half of the English alphabet is written in backward order, then what will be the 7th letter to the right of 13th letter from your left?

1. a) T
2. b) U
3. c) V
4. d) S

Solution: (a) Let us see

The 7th letter to the right of 13th letter from our left is T.

Multiple Letter Segment in Backward Order

In such type of questions, no specified order of change is followed in alphabetical order. The are changed according to the condition given in particular question.

Ex 5: If first four letters of the English alphabet are written in reverse order; again next 5 letters are written in reverse order ;again next 6 letter s are written in reverse order ; next 7 letter are written in reverse order and finally, the remaining letters are also written in reverse order, then what will be the 7th letter to the left of the 8th letter from right?

1. a) M
2. b) N
3. c) O
4. d) L

Solution: (a)

Let us see the arrangement

The 7th letter to the 8thth letter from right is M.

Number of Letter in the Middle of Two Letters

In this particular type, question asked to calculated the total number of English letters between any two specified letter as directed in the question.

Four situations can be created under these type of problems

Ex 6: How many letters are there between 8th letter from left and 7th letter right in the English alphabet?

1. a) 7
2. b) 11
3. c) 8
4. d) 9

Solution: (b) Let us see

There are 11th letters between 8th letter from left and 7th letter from right.

Alternate Method

Total number of letter in the English alphabet =26 Required number of letters =26-(8+7) =11

Middle Letter between Two letters

In these types of questions, it is asked to find the middle letter the two specified letters of English alphabet.

Ex 7: Which letter is in the middle of 7th letter from left and 10th letter from right in the English alphabet?

a) L

b) P

c) M

d) Q

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