Learning Development Theories
The major concept of Learning Development Theories includes several important approaches. The best Learning Development Theories study notes have been included here. Check the complete detail of this subject for perfect preparation of the upcoming CTET exam.
Approaches to Learning Theories:
1. Behaviourism Theories are given by Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Hull, Tallman, Skinner
Main idea: Learning brings a change in Behaviour.
Central idea: Stimulus is present in the external environment.
Use in Education: Desired change in behavior (of the students).
Teacher’s role: Facilitating the child and making a conducive environment for gaining the desired outcome.
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2. Cognitivism theories are given by – Jean Piaget, Kurt Lewin.
Main idea: Process based on internal functioning like insight, memory, perception, thinking, information processing, etc.
Central point: Internal cognitive structures.
Use in education: Developing capacities and potentialities based on Cognitive attitude.
Teacher’s role: Focusing on Cognitive Aspects.
3. Constructivism: Theories are given by Lev Vygotsky, Bruner
Main Idea: Knowledge is a constructed entity.
Central Point: We construct the understanding of this whole world based on making sense of the experiences.
Use in Education: Learning processes must be based on primary and sole Concepts, not just factual information.
Teacher’s role: Social aspects must be given an appropriate place.
4. Gestalt Theory Theories are given by Kohler, Koffka, Wertheimer.
Main idea: Higher-order Cognitive Aspects and processes continuing in the brain.
Central Idea: Every piece of Cognitive information is passed into our brain in meaningful patterns or as an organized whole.
Use in education: Already Gained experiences and knowledge must be applied to solve a problem and learning should be considered “It’s for problem-solving”.
Recommended books for CDP
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
|1.||CTET and TETs Child Development and Pedagogy Paper 1 and 2||Arihant Experts|
|2.||CTET Child Development and Pedagogy for Paper 1 and Paper 2||By Pearson (Sandeep Kumar)|
|3.||Educating Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education||Mangal S.K|
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