Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 31st July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 31st, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware. 

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words are given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

Vaccinating the young: On priority groups

Important Words from the Article

1. WordPriority (प्रधानता)

  • Pronunciation: prahy-awr-i-tee/ प्राइऑरटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the fact or condition of being regarded or treated as more important than others.
  • Synonyms: preference, primacy, emphasis
  • Antonyms: unimportance, disfavor
  • Usage in a Sentence: The daily newspaper gives priority to national news over international ones.

2. Word: Chug (शोर करना,पीना)

  • Pronunciation: chuhg/चाग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to make the sound of an engine or motor, or to move making this sound
    b. to swallow a drink completely without stopping to breathe
  • Synonyms: guzzle, quaff, gulp
  • Antonyms: sip
  • Use in a Sentence: He was so thirsty he chugged three glasses of water.

 3Word: Sporadic (छिट पुट)

  • Pronunciation: spuh-rad-ik/स्पोरैडिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated.
  • Synonyms: occasional, infrequent, irregular, periodical
  • Antonyms: frequent, constant, ceaseless, seasonal
  • Usage in a Sentence: There were reports of sporadic fighting in the streets.

4. Word: Frenetic (अतिउत्तेजित)

  • Pronunciation: fruh-net-ik/फ्रनेटिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. involving a lot of excited movement or activity
  • Synonyms: delirious, ferocious, feverish, fierce, frantic, frenzied, furious, mad, rabid, violent, wild
  • Antonyms: relaxed, calm, peaceful, quiet
  • Usage in a sentence: After weeks of frenetic activity, the job was finally finished.

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5. Word: Inoculation (टीकाकरण)

  • Pronunciation: ih-nok-yuh-ley-shuh n/ इनाक्यलेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of inoculating or of being inoculated; vaccination.
  • Synonyms: vaccination, injection, immunization
  • Usage in a sentence: This may eventually lead to routine inoculation of children.

6. Word: Administer (प्रबंध करना)

  • Pronunciation: ad-min-uh-ster/ ऐड्मिनिस्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to manage (affairs, a government, etc.); have executive charge of:
    b. to bring into use or operation:
    c. to make application of; give:
  • Synonyms: manage, control, supervise
  • Antonyms: neglect, derelict, abandoned
  • Usage in a sentence: The fund manager administers all the incoming and outgoing transactions of the fund.  

7. Word: Undergird (सहारा देना)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-der-gurd/ अंडरगर्द
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. secure or fasten from the underside, especially by a rope or chain passed underneath.
    b. provide support or a firm basis for.
  • Synonyms: support, reinforce, brace up, bolster, sustain
  • Antonyms: undermine, contradict, disapprove, neglect
  • Usage in a sentence: The theory of evolution undergirds virtually all of modern biology.

8. Word: Swagger (इठलाना)

  • Pronunciation: swag-er/स्वैगर
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. to walk or strut with a defiant or insolent air (Verb)
    b. to boast or brag noisily (Verb)
    c. to bring, drive, force, etc., by blustering (Verb)
    d. swaggering manner, conduct, or walk; ostentatious display of arrogance and conceit (Noun)
  • Synonyms: blow, boast, brag, flamboyant, flashy, glitzy
  • Antonyms: belittle, deprecate, dowdy, graceless, inelegant, style-less
  • Usage in a sentence: A group of young men swaggered around outside the bar.

9. Word: Contingent (आकस्मिक)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-tin-juh nt/कन्टिन्जन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. subject to chance.
    b. occurring or existing only if (certain circumstances) are the case; dependent on.
  • Synonyms: fortuitous, conditional
  • Antonyms: certain, necessary
  • Use in a Sentence: Our success is contingent upon your support.

10. Word: Derail (अवपथन)

  • Pronunciation: dee-reyl/डीरेल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: obstruct (a process) by diverting it from its intended course.
  • Synonyms: dissuade, divert
  • Antonyms: assist, encourage, improve
  • Use in a Sentence: That incident could derail the entire process.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Derail
  • Contingent
  • Chug
  • Sporadic
  • Frenetic

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Sahi Prep Hai toh Life Set Hai

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Medha Tyagi

Medha TyagiJul 31, 2021

1. support = bolster
2. dissuade = divert
3. ferocious = delirious
4. manage = supervise
5. fortuitous = conditional
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJul 31, 2021

Olympics participation is the biggest achievement even if you don't win medals. Your participation shows that you are the best among all the athletes in your country. You are cut out from rest of the athlethes to represent your country. It's contingent either you lose or win. Life is longer so your chances are not sporadic. We know winning brings  lots of frenetic moment but don't derail yourself from the loses. Chug your failure and prepare for more opportunities in the future.
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