Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 29th July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 29th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc. That could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Dangerous conflagration: On Assam-Mizoram border clash

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Conflagration (अग्निकाण्ड,प्रज्वलन)

  • Pronunciation: kon-fluh-grey-shuhn/कान्फ्लग्रेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a large fire that causes a lot of damage
    (Noun)
    b. a large and violent event, such as war, involving a lot of people (Noun)
  • Synonyms: inferno, flame, holocaust, conflict
  • Antonyms: secure, accord, agreement
  • Usage in a sentence: The government has turned a minor local problem into a full-blown regional conflagration.

2. Word: Skirmish (झगड़ा / छोटे टुकड़ों में भिड़ना)

  • Pronunciationskur-mish / स्कर्मिश
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. an episode of irregular or unplanned fighting, especially between small or outlying parts of armies or fleets. [Noun]
    b. to engage in a minor battle or dispute. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: Clash, Fight, Scuffle, Brawl
  • Antonyms: Peace, Accord
  • Use in a Sentence: When the temper of both teams erupted, it resulted in minor skirmishes.

 3Word: Benign (सौम्य)

  • Pronunciation: be-nine/बिनाइन
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning  - having no significant effect/gentle and kind/not harmful 
  • Synonyms -  temperate, mild, gentle, clement, calm, balmy, pleasant
  • Antonyms -  unfriendly, hostile harsh, unhealthy, unfavourable
  • Usage in a sentence - The eco-friendly company will only drill for oil in areas where its practices are benign.

4. Word: Dormant (निष्क्रिय)

  • Pronunciation: dawr-muhnt/डॉर्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. lying asleep or as if asleep; inactive, as in sleep; torpid
    b. in a state of rest or inactivity; inoperative; in abeyance
  • Synonyms: inactive, sleeping, latent
  • Antonyms: active, energetic, awake
  • Usage in a sentence: These volcanoes have remained dormant for several years.

5. Word: Snowballed (तेज़ी से बढ़ जाना)

  • Pronunciationsnoh-bawld/ स्नोबॉल्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. threw snowballs at
    b. increased rapidly in size, intensity, or importance.
  • Synonyms: raised, increased, added, gained
  • Antonym: decreased
  • Usage in a Sentence: Problems snowball when early trouble signs are ignored.

6. Word: Bonhomie (मिलनसारिता)

  • Pronunciation: bon-uh-mee/ बानमी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: cheerful friendliness; geniality.
  • Synonyms: affability, amiability, sociability
  • Antonyms: aloofness, coldness, ferocity
  • Usage in Sentence: There was a casual bonhomie between the actors at rehearsals.

7. Word: Tamp (ठूंसना, ठूंस ठूंसकर बराबर करना)

  • Pronunciation: टैम्प/tamp
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: to press something such as soil or tobacco down firmly
  • Synonyms: pack, compress, press, ram, squeeze
  • Antonyms: alter, improve, explain, augment, amplify
  • Usage in a Sentence: The old man tamped down some more tobacco into his pipe.

8. Word: Farcical (हास्यास्पद)

  • Pronunciationfahr-si-kuh l/ फार्सकल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: relating to or resembling farce, especially because of absurd or ridiculous aspects.
  • Synonyms: ridiculous, ludicrous, absurd, laughable, foolish
  • Antonyms: serious, grave, reasonable, sensible, tragic
  • Usage in a sentence: The farcical behavior of the troupe of circus clowns left the children giggling.

9. Word: Bane (विपत्ति)

  • Pronunciation: beyn/ बेन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a cause of great distress or annoyance.
  • Synonyms: curse, evil, plague, calamity
  • Antonyms: benefit, blessing, boon
  • Usage in a Sentence: The poor train service has been the bane of commuters for years.

10. Word: Prolong (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-lawng/ प्रलॉंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: extend the duration of
  • Synonyms: extend, lengthen, stretch, expand
  • Antonyms: shorten, contract, diminish
  • Usage in Sentence: Though his recovery was rapid and complete, he did not choose to prolong his stay abroad.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Tamp
  • Bane
  • Conflagration
  • Farcical
  • Snowball

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1extendamiability
2activecurse
3temperatemild
4affabilityenergetic
5plaguelengthen

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

write a comment
Rahul Chavda

Rahul ChavdaJul 29, 2021

Extent-Lengthen
Active-Energetic
Temperate-Mild
Affability-Amiability
Plague-Curse
Medha Tyagi

Medha TyagiJul 29, 2021

1. extend = lengthen
2. active = energetic
3. temperate = mild
4. affability = amiability
5. plague = curse
Mouli Budumuru
Extend = Lengthen
Active = Energetic
Temperate=Mild
Affability=Amiability
Plague=Curse
Chan Doraemi
If we fail to maintain peace within the country then conflagrations outside the countries are common matters. Stop fighting for petty issues which may snowball and tamp the country's progress. Stop creating farcical reasons and follow the protocols which are meant to be followed. Be a genuine and responsible citizen. We have a long way to go to make our country an ideal country. Illiteracy is the bane of the country's development. So light the torch of enlightenment and let it spread all over the country.
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