Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 27th August 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : August 27th, 2021

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu'.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Dissension in the ranks: On crises in Congress State units

Important Words from the Article

1. WordDissension (विसम्मति )

  • Pronunciation: dis-sen-suhn/डिसेन्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: disagreement that leads to discord.
  • Synonyms: disagreement, dissent, dispute
  • Antonyms: accord, concordance
  • Use in a Sentence: these issues caused bitter dissension in the party.

2. Word: Back against the wall (विषम परिस्थिति में फँसना)

  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb
  • Meaning:
    to have very serious problems that limit the ways in which you can act
  • Synonyms: trapped, cornered, at bay
  • Usage in a sentence: Rajan owes money to everyone - he really has his back against the wall now.

 3Word: Resilient (प्रत्यास्थी)

  • Pronunciation: ri-zil-yuh nt/रिज़िल्यन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a. (of a person or animal) able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions.

        b. (of a substance or object) able to recoil or spring back into shape after bending, stretching, or being compressed.

  • Synonyms: stiff, strong, stable
  • Antonyms: fragile, brittle
  • Use in a Sentence: More individual lives make the ecosystem more resilient.

4. WordRun a tight ship (सुनियोजित करना)

  • Part of Speech: Phrasal Verb
  • Meaning:
    be very strict in managing an organization or operation
  • Synonyms: curtail, be frugal, be prudent, cut corners
  • Antonyms: be extravagant, be wasteful, be extravagant
  • Usage in a sentence: Siddharth, our team coach, runs a tight ship and he does a great job.

5. Word: Beleaguer (अवरोध करना)

  • Pronunciation: bih-lee-ger/ बिलीगर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: put in a very difficult situation.
  • Synonyms: besiege, harass, pester
  • Antonyms: comfort, benefit, relax
  • Usage in a Sentence: They beleaguered her with requests for forgiveness.

    6. Word: Imperative (आज्ञार्थक,जरूरी)
    • Pronunciation: im-per-uh-tiv/इम्पेरटिव
    • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
    • Meaning: 
      a. of vital importance; crucial. [Adjective]
      b. giving an authoritative command; peremptory. [Adjective]
      c. an essential or urgent thing. [Noun]
    • Synonyms: necessary, obligatory, requisite
    • Antonyms: nonessential, insignificant, needless
    • Usage in a Sentence: In an organization, a prompt reply is imperative.

7. Word: Wield (सँभालना)

  • Pronunciation: weeld/ वील्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. hold and use (a weapon or tool).
    b. have and be able to use (power or influence).
  • Synonyms: handle, exert, utilize, operate, manipulate
  • Antonyms: conceal, hide, suppress
  • Usage in a sentence: The men who wield the power are certainly backing him to the hilt.

8. Word: Mantle (ढकना/दायित्व)

  • Pronunciation: man-tl/मैन्टल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. an important role or responsibility that passes from one person to another. [Noun]

        b. cloak or envelop. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: onus, job, conceal, hide
  • Antonyms: give insight, make public
  • Use in a Sentence: He has been asked to take on the mantle of managing director in the new office.

9. Word: Internecine (परस्पर विनाश कारी, घातक)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-nee-seen, -sahyn/इन्टर्नसीन
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning – 
    a. a war or fighting that  happens between members of the same group, religion, or country
    b. destructive to both sides in a conflict.
  • Synonyms-  internal, deadly, destructive, lethal
  • Antonyms-   peace, bloodless, immortal
  • Usage in a sentence -  The region's history of savage internecine warfare.

10. Word: Camaraderie (सखापन)

  • Pronunciation: kah-muh-rah-duh-ree/कामराडरी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a feeling of friendliness towards people that you work or share an experience with
    b. comradeship; good-fellowship
  • Synonyms: comradeship, friendship, fellowship, companionship
  • Antonyms: hate, solitude, loneliness, enmity
  • Usage in a sentence: For me mountain climbing is less about physical effort than about cooperation and camaraderie.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

  • Camaraderie
  • Internecine
  • Imperative
  • Run a tight ship
  • Back against the wall

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1comradeshipnonessential
2brittlemake public
3comfortstrong
4necessarybesiege
5concealloneliness

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!paralyze

Comments

write a comment
Medha Tyagi

Medha TyagiAug 27, 2021

1. comradeship = loneliness
2. brittle = strong
3. comfort = besiege
4. necessary = nonessential
5. conceal = make public
Vinay Sharma

Vinay SharmaAug 27, 2021

sir ye link open q ni hota editorial ka jo vocab de rkha h, click krne pe gradeup k home page me aajate h ,kisii or k sath b esa ho rha h to plz reply kre agr only merr satg ho rha h to plz koi solution de.🙏@nilanjan paul's
Vignesh

VigneshAug 27, 2021

1.Comradeship - Loneliness
2.Brittle - Strong
3.Comfort - Besiege
4.Necessary - Non-essential
5.Conceal - make Public
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiAug 27, 2021

There was an internecine dispute over trivial matter among the workers which made the leader turn back against the wall. So to overcome it, he planned a task which is imperative and compulsory for every one in order to build the notion of camaraderie and brotherhood. The  leader managed to run a tight ship and blocked off few from prior exit.
Dom

DomAug 27, 2021

Where can i get a PDF file for this topic?

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PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIRRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test
tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOOdisha State Cooperative Bank

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