Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.
Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.
In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.
Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.
Important Words from the Article
1. Word: Aggravate (बिगाड़ना)
- Pronunciation: ag-ruh-veyt/ ऐग्रवेट
- Part of Speech: Verb
- Meaning: make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious
- Synonyms: irritate, provoke, annoy
- Antonyms: calm, sooth, relieve, comfort
- Usage in a Sentence: Cigarettes can aggravate the symptoms of a cold.
2. Word: Verdict (विचार-फल)
- Pronunciation: vur-dikt/वर्डिक्ट
- Part of Speech: Noun
a. a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
b. an opinion or judgement.
- Synonyms: decision, resolution, pronouncement, conclusion
- Antonyms: accusation, inception, prelude
- Usage in a Sentence: The board returned a unanimous guilty verdict.
3. Word: Assault (आक्रमण करना)
- Pronunciation: uh-sawlt/असॉल्ट
- Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
a. a violent attack (Noun)
b. to make an assault upon; attack; assail (Verb)
- Synonyms: attack, strike, assail, charge
- Antonyms: defend, support, protect
- Usage in a sentence: They launched an assault on the capital yesterday.
4. Word: Per Incuriam (कानून को उपेक्षा करके)
- Pronunciation: per-in-kyoo-ri-um/ पर इनक्युरीअम
- Part of Speech: Adverb
- Meaning: through lack of due regard to the law or the facts.
- Synonyms: inadvertently, negligently, inattentively
- Usage in a sentence: The higher court disreagrded the ruling of the district court, which appeared to be per incuriam.
5. Word: Endorse (समर्थन करना)
- Pronunciation: en-dawrs/एन्डॉर्स
- Part of Speech: Verb
- Meaning: declare one's public approval or support of.
- Synonyms: sanction, certify
- Antonyms: disapprove, oppose
- Usage in a Sentence: I can endorse my father's opinion wholeheartedly.
6. Word: Dilute (कमज़ोर करना, फ़ीका करना)
- Pronunciation: dih-loot/ डाइलूट
- Part of Speech: Verb, Adjective
a. make (a liquid) thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it. (Verb)
b. (of a liquid) made thinner or weaker by having had water or another solvent added to it. (Adjective)
- Synonyms: weaken, thin, reduce, adulterate
- Antonyms: strong, undiluted, strengthen, concentrated
- Usage in a sentence: These measures are designed to dilute public fears about the product's safety.
7. Word: Prescribe (लिख)
- Pronunciation: pres-cribe/ प्रस्क्राइब
- Part of speech: Verb
a. (of a medical practitioner) advise and authorize the use of (a medicine or treatment) for someone, especially in writing
b. state authoritatively or as a rule that (an action or procedure) should be carried out
- Synonyms: define, determine, suggest
- Antonyms: confuse, disallow
- Usage in a sentence: The doctor prepared to prescribe a paracetamol.
8. Word: Palpable (सुस्पष्ट)
- Pronunciation: pal-puh-buh l/पैल्पबल
- Part of Speech: Adjective
a. (of a feeling or atmosphere) so intense as to seem almost tangible.
b. able to be touched or felt.
- Synonyms: evident, obvious
- Antonyms: disguised, unsubstantial
- Usage in a Sentence: The tension among the public was palpable.
9. Word: Remand (बंधन में रखना)
- Pronunciation: ri-mand/ रिमैन्ड
- Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
a. place (a defendant) on bail or in custody, especially when a trial is adjourned. (Verb)
b. return (a case) to a lower court for reconsideration. (Verb)
c. a committal to custody. (Noun)
- Synonyms: custody, imprison, detain, reclusion
- Antonyms: uncuff, support, set free
- Usage in a sentence: The judge remanded the case for further consideration.
10. Word: Incapacitate (अशक्त बना देना)
- Pronunciation: in-kuh-pas-i-teyt/ इन्कपैसिटेट
- Part of Speech: Verb
- Meaning: prevent from functioning in a normal way.
- Synonyms: disable, paralyze, cripple
- Antonyms: enable, allow, empower
- Usage in a sentence: A successful attack would incapacitate military training camps.
Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!
Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.
Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!
- per incuriam
Exercise 2: Match the columns.
Share your answers in the comment section.
More from us:
For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!
You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist
That was your Vocabulary dose for the day.
from BYJU'S Exam Prep