Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 22nd March, 2021

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : March 22nd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist from BYJU'S Exam Prep is a daily vocabulary exercise that will help enhance your vocabulary skills.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Crawling on campus

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Philanthropy (परोपकार)

  • Pronunciation: i-lan-thruh-pee/फिलैन्थ्रपी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the activity of helping the poor, especially by giving them money.
    b. altruistic concern for human welfare and advancement, usually manifested by donations of money, property, or work to needy persons, by endowment of institutions of learning and hospitals, and by generosity to other socially useful purposes.
  • Synonyms: benevolence, charity, magnanimity, generosity
  • Antonyms: misanthropy, harshness, selfishness, avarice
  • Usage in a sentence: Despite being financially poor himself, he was known for his philanthropy.

2. Word: Credential (प्रत्यय-पत्र)

  • Pronunciation: kri-den-shuh l/ क्रिडेन्शल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a qualification, achievement, quality, or aspect of a person's background, especially when used to indicate their suitability for something.
  • Synonyms: certificate, legitimation, warrant, authentication
  • Antonyms: derecognition
  • Usage in a sentence: The commissioner presented his credentials to the State Department.

 3Word: Compel (दबाव डालना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhm-pel/कम्पेल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. force or oblige (someone) to do something.
    b. bring about (something) by the use of force or pressure.
    c. force to come or go in a particular direction.
  • Synonyms: pressure, impel, drive, press, push, urge
  • Antonyms: free, impede, deter, block
  • Usage in a Sentence: His courage and skill compel our admiration.

4. Word: Indict (दोष लगाना)

  • Pronunciation: in-dahyt/ इन्डाइट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. If a law court or a grand jury indicts someone, it accuses them officially of a crime
  • Synonyms: accuse, charge, blame, prosecute
  • Antonyms: acquit, vindicate, absolve
  • Usage in a sentence: He was indicted on drug charges at Crown Court.

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5. Word: Fiscal (आर्थिक)

  • Pronunciation: fis-kuhl/फिस्कल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of or relating to the public treasury or revenues (Adjective)
    b. of or relating to financial matters in general (Adjective)
    c. (in some countries) a prosecuting attorney (Noun)
    d. Philately. a revenue stamp (Noun)
  • Synonyms: financial, budgetary, economic, taxation
  • Usage in a sentence: The governor said the fiscal crisis couldn't be solved by spending cuts alone.

6. Word: Exhaustion (थकान)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zaws-chuhn/ इग्ज़ॉस्चन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a state of extreme physical or mental tiredness.
    b. the action of using something up or the state of being used up.
  • Synonyms: enervation, depletion, fatigue, weariness
  • Antonyms: liveliness, vitality, vigor
  • Usage in a Sentence: Many runners were suffering from heat exhaustion

7. Word: Elite (उच्च वर्ग)

  • Pronunciation: ih-leet/ऐलीट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a select group that is superior in terms of ability or qualities to the rest of a group or society.
  • Synonyms: nobility, prime
  • Antonyms: worst, ordinary
  • Usage in a Sentence: Public opinion is influenced by the small elite who control the media.

8. Word: Proliferation (प्रचार)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-lif-uh-rey-shuh n/प्रोलिफरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: rapid increase in the number or amount of something.
  • Synonyms: propagation, growth
  • Antonyms: abatement, decline
  • Usage in Sentence: The past one year has seen the proliferation of TV channels.

9. Word: Inalienable (जो अलग किया न जा सके)

  • Pronunciation: in-eyl-yuh-nuh-buhl/ इनेल्यनबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: not subject to being taken away from or given away by the possessor.
  • Synonyms: absolute, inseparable, intrinsic, inherent
  • Antonyms: negotiable, alienable, transferrable
  • Usage in a Sentence: He maintains that Taiwan has always been an inalienable part of China.

10. Word: Countervailing (बराबर करने वाला) 

  • Pronunciation: koun-ter-veyl-ing/ काउंटरवेलिंग
  • Part of speech: Verb
  • Meaning: offset the effect of (something) by countering it with something of equal force
  • Synonyms: balancing, compensatory, offsetting
  • Usage in a sentence: Power can only be controlled by countervailing power.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • philanthropy
  • credential
  • compel
  • indict
  • fiscal

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1exhaustionpropagation
2inalienablenobility
3countervailingintrinsic
4proliferationfatigue
5elite balancing

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiMar 22, 2021

The manager accused staff for providing loans with minimum interest to its kith and kins. He indicted this kind of philanthropic activities has created a false impression towards other beneficiaries. Manager compelled him to renounce his credentials and  falsely claimed fiscal deposits.

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PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIRRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test
tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOOdisha State Cooperative Bank

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