Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 15th Sept 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 15th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words which you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring to you the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfil your daily intake of English words. The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Foreclosure: On Test cricket, IPL and BCCI

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Strain (क्षति पहुँचानाविकृति)

  • Pronunciation: streyn/ स्ट्रेन
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. force (a part of one's body or oneself) to make an unusually great effort. [Verb]
    b. a force tending to pull or stretch something to an extreme or damaging degree. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: stress, pressure, struggle
  • Antonyms: relax, rest, compress
  • Usage in a sentence: The transport service cannot cope with the strain of so many additional passengers.

2. Word: Rancour (अतिद्वेष)

  • Pronunciation: rang-ker
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long-standing
  • Synonyms: bitterness, spite, hate, resentment
  • Antonyms: benevolence, charity
  • Usage in a Sentence: She learned to accept criticism without rancour.

 3. Word: Perilous (संकटपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciationper-uh-luhs/ पेरीलस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. full of danger or risk.
    b. exposed to imminent risk of disaster or ruin.
  • Synonyms: dangerous, hazardous, risky, precarious
  • Antonyms: safe, harmless, secure, cautious
  • Usage in a sentence: The migratory birds fly to Turkey and attempt the perilous journey across the Mediterranean to Europe.

4. WordCounterpart ( प्रतिरूप)

  • Pronunciation:  koun-ter-pahrt/काउनर्पार्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation.
  • Synonyms: colleagues, correspondents
  • Antonyms: opposites
  • Use in a Sentence: They look enviously at the success of their counterparts.

5. Word: Veer (दिशा बदलना)

  • Pronunciation: veer/वीर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to change direction
  • Synonyms: swerve, turn, diverge
  • Antonyms: straighten, stay, remain constant
  • Usage in a sentence: Moments before crashing, the jet was seen veering sharply to the right.

6. Phrase: Contentious (कलहप्रिय)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-ten-shuh s/कन्टेन्शस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.
    b. involving in a heated argument.
  • Synonyms: quarrelsome, combative, belligerent
  • Antonyms: pacifist, friendly, amicable
  • Use in a Sentence: She has some contentious opinions on education.

7. WordUnfathomable (अपरिमेय) 

  • Pronunciation: un-fath-uh-muh-bull
  • Part of speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: incapable of being fully explored, impossible to comprehend or understand
  • Synonyms: inscrutable, incomprehensible, enigmatic, incalculable, indecipherable
  • Antonyms: comprehensible, penetrable 
  • Usage in a sentence: The skills required to play modern video games are unfathomable to most parents.

8. Word:Concession (रियायत में दी गई वस्तु)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-sesh-uh n
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a thing that is granted, especially in response to demands
  • Synonyms: allowance, privilege, grant
  • Antonyms: denial, difference, protest
  • Usage in a Sentence: The former president's concession came even before all the votes had been counted.

9. WordRevoke (रद्द करना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-vohk/ रिवोक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: officially cancel (a decree, decision, or promise).
  • Synonyms: cancel, repeal, rescind, annul
  • Antonyms: collaborate, approve, authorize
  • Usage in a sentence: The Board has the power to revoke the licence of any bank to take deposits.

10Word: Extradition (प्रत्यर्पण)

  • Pronunciation: ek-struh-dish-uh n/ एक्स्ट्रडिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of extraditing (handing over) a person accused or convicted of a crime.
  • Synonyms: deportation, banishment, expatriation
  • Antonyms: repatriation
  • Usage in a sentence: The new government will seek the extradition of the suspected terrorists.

 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Revoke
  • Extradition
  • Concession
  • Rancour
  • Strain

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1deportationannul
2swerveincomprehensible
3spiteturn
4inscrutablebanishment
5rescindhate

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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