Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 11th Feb 2021

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : May 14th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist from BYJU'S Exam Prep is a daily vocabulary exercise that will help enhance your vocabulary skills.

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

Happy Reading!

Belated, but bold: On Nirmala’s disinvestment policy

Important Words from the Article

1. WordCompliance (आज्ञापालन)

  • Pronunciation: kuh m-plahy-uh ns/ कम्प्लाइअन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the state or fact of according with or meeting rules or standards.
  • Synonyms: obedience, concurrence, consent
  • Antonyms: refusal, denial, defiance
  • Usage in a Sentence: The workers of the factory must be monitored to ensure compliance with the terms and conditions.

2. Word: Ambitious (महत्त्वाकांक्षी)

  • Pronunciation: am-bish-uhs/ ऐम्बिशस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
  • Synonyms: aspiring, determined, progressive
  • Antonyms: lazy, unambitious
  • Usage in a sentence: The government has announced an ambitious programme to modernize the railway network.

 3Word: Enterprise (उद्यो)

  • Pronunciationen-ter-prahyz/ एन्टर्प्राइज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. a project or undertaking, especially a bold or complex one.
    b. initiative and resourcefulness.
    c. a business or company.
    d. entrepreneurial economic activity.
  • Synonyms: business, undertaking, company, venture, initiative
  • Antonyms: idleness, lethargy, laziness, inactivity
  • Usage in a sentence: Agriculture is the main economic enterprise of the people.

 4. Word: Tortuous (जटिल)

  • Pronunciationtawr-choo-uhs/ टॉर्चवस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. full of twists and turns.
    b. excessively lengthy and complex.
  • Synonyms: winding, sinuous, convoluted, serpentine, twisted, devious
  • Antonyms: direct, straight, straightforward, uncomplicated
  • Usage in a Sentence: We took a tortuous mountain road marked by numerous hairpin turns.

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5. Word: Exchequer (कोष)

  • Pronunciation: eks-chek-er, iks-chek-er/ एक्स्चेकर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the former government office responsible for collecting revenue and making payments on behalf of the sovereign, auditing official accounts, and trying legal cases relating to revenue
  • Synonyms: treasury, bank, coffer
  • Antonyms: liabilities, debt
  • Usage in a Sentence: There's nothing left in the exchequer this month.

6. Word: Articulate (सुस्पष्ट)

  • Pronunciation: ahr-tik-yuh-lit/ आर्टिक्यलट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently. [Adjective]
    b. pronounce (something) clearly and distinctly. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: enunciate, pronounce, express, eloquent, fluent
  • Antonyms: mute, incoherent, silent, inarticulate, hesitant
  • Usage in a sentence: He is polished, charming, articulate and an excellent negotiator.

7. Word: Headway (उन्नति)

  • Pronunciationhed-wey/ हेड्वे
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. forward movement or progress, especially when this is slow or difficult.
    b. the average interval between trains or buses on a regular service.
  • Synonyms: progress, advance, improvement, progression
  • Antonyms: descent, decline, fall, devolution
  • Usage in a sentence: The ant was making little headway carrying a crumb that was about five times its size.

8. Word: Tactful (विनम्र)

  • Pronunciation: takt-full/ टैक्ट्फल
  • Part of speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: concerned about distressing other individuals, having or showing skill and sensitivity in dealing with others or with difficult issues.
  • Synonyms: courteous, polite, discreet 
  • Antonyms: tactless , contemptuous
  • Usage in a sentence: The doctor was tactful as he told the woman about her incurable illness.

9. Word: Semblance (अनुरूपता)

  • Pronunciation: sem-bluh ns/ सेम्ब्लन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
  • Synonyms: likeness, similarity, guise
  • Antonyms: contrast, opposite, unlikeness
  • Usage in a Sentence: The film lacks any semblance of realism.

10. Word: Witch-hunt (संदिग्ध व्यक्तियों की खोज)

  • Pronunciation: wich-huhnt/विच हन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a campaign directed against a person or group holding views considered unorthodox or a threat to society.
  • Synonyms: inquisitions, persecutions
  • Antonyms: forget, ignore, neglect
  • Use in Sentence: He led the witch-hunt against alleged communists in the 1950s.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • compliance
  • ambitious 
  • enterprise
  • tortuous 
  • exchequer 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
5 witch-huntsimilarity

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

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