Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 07th July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 7th, 2021

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Heavy weight: On Punjab political crisis

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Invincible (अपराजेय)

  • Pronunciation: in-vin-suh-buh l/इन्विन्सबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: too powerful to be defeated or overcome.
  • Synonyms: unbeatable, impregnable, invulnerable
  • Antonyms: defenseless, powerless, weak
  • Use in a Sentence: They think that they are invincible in battle.

2. Word: Poise (संतुलित रखना)

  • Pronunciation: poiz/ पॉइज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. graceful and elegant bearing in a person (Noun)
    b. be or cause to be balanced or suspended (Verb)
  • Synonyms: balance, composure, confidence
  • Antonyms: instability, confusion, insanity, agitation
  • Usage in a Sentence: They felt that he lacked sufficient poise and confidence for the job.

 3Word: Relentless (दयाहीन,अनवरत)

  • Pronunciation: ri-lent-lis/रिलेन्ट्लिस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. unceasingly intense.
    b. harsh or inflexible.
  • Synonyms:  persistent, severe
  • Antonyms: inexorable, inflexible
  • Use in a Sentence: She could not bear the relentless music and turned down the volume.

4. Word: Ambition (आकांक्षा)

  • Pronunciation: am-bish-uhn/ ऐम्बिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. a strong desire to do or achieve something.
    b. desire and determination to achieve success.
  • Synonyms: goal, desire, aspiration, dream
  • Antonyms: laziness, apathy, indifference, contentment
  • Usage in a sentence: My first ambition as a child was to be in the circus.

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5. Word: Unilateral (एकतरफ़ा)

  • Pronunciation: yoo-nuh-lat-er-uh l/यूनिलैटरल
  • Part of Speech:Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. relating to, occurring on, or involving one side only
    b. undertaken or done by or on behalf of one side, party, or faction only; not mutual
    c. having only one side or surface; without a reverse side or inside
  • Synonyms: one-sided, partial, solipsistic
  • Antonyms: mutual, many-sided, two-way
  • Usage in a sentence: More than 70 developing countries have undertaken unilateral trade liberalization initiatives during the last 20 years.

6. Word: Detractor (आलोचना करके कलंकित करने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: dih-traktor/ डीट्रैक्टर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who disparages someone or something
  • Synonyms: critic, attacker, slanderer
  • Antonyms: benefactor, ally, supporter
  • Usage in a Sentence: The detractors say they are relative newcomers who would have constituted a gamble.

7. Word: Deliberation (सोच समझ कर)

  • Pronunciation: dih-lib-uh-rey-shuhn/डिलिबरेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. careful consideration or discussion before decision.
    b. formal consultation or discussion.
  • Synonyms: consideration, reflection, contemplation
  • Antonyms: preparedness, alacrity, indifference
  • Usage in a sentence: After much deliberation, she decided to accept their offer.

8. Word: Detour (विमार्ग, चक्कर लगा कर जाना)

  • Pronunciation: deeh-too-r/ डीटुर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. a long or roundabout route that is taken to avoid something or to visit somewhere along the way. (Noun)
    b. take a long or roundabout route. (Verb)
    c. avoid or circumvent (an obstacle or problem), by taking a detour. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: circumvent, evade, avoid, bypass
  • Antonyms: taken into account, accept, face, scrutinize, intervene
  • Usage in a Sentence:
    a. He had made a detour to the museum.  (Noun)
    b. He detoured around the walls to avoid clashes. (Verb)

9. Word: Cast a long shadow (फीका कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: kast- a lau-ngh -shad-oh / कास्ट अ लॉंग शैडो
  • Meaning: To have a bad or negative influence over something that lasts for a long time
  • Synonyms: overshadow, obscure, darken
  • Antonyms: light up, encourage, illuminate
  • Usage in Sentence: Cancer has cast its long shadow over almost every family in the country.

10. Word: Prolong (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-lawng/ प्रलॉंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: extend the duration of
  • Synonyms: extend, lengthen, stretch, expand
  • Antonyms: shorten, contract, diminish
  • Usage in Sentence: Though his recovery was rapid and complete, he did not choose to prolong his stay abroad.

Writer's Corner

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • invincible
  • poise
  • relentless
  • ambition
  • cast a long shadow 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1shortenbalance
2encouragedefenseless
3impregnableface
4instabilityovershadow
5circumventextend

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

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Suman Saini
Thanks sir🙏🙏🙏
Medha Tyagi
1. Shorten = extend
2. encourage = overshadow
3. impregnable = defenseless
4. instability = balance
5. circumvent = face
Chan Doraemi
My sister's hardwork cast a shadow over the fact that she was an average student. Her motivation was unwavering and  she practice every topic relentlessly everyday. Her poise and determination made her invincible and I am proud of her. People ask after her but many wants to decode her secret of victory.
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