The English language is made up of four parts. These are:
- GREEK ROOTS
- GERMAN ROOTS
- FRENCH ROOTS
- LATIN ROOTS
Now if you learn these roots, you can figure out the meaning of hundreds of English language words without even knowing their exact meaning. Before we go further, let us answer some basic questions for you first.
Q. What is a root?
Ans: Root is the part of the word which gives instructions to a word.
Q. How many parts is a word made of?
Ans: The word is made up of three parts.
For example – Unbiased
Here 'Un' is a prefix, 'bias' is the root and 'ed' is the suffix.
Note: PREFIX is a word, letter or number placed before another.
SUFFIX is a letter or a group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning.
Root word for today: BAT
Now today we have taken 'BAT' as a ROOT which has a meaning: To beat, To fight, To argue
Now with the help of these roots, you can come out with the conclusion of several other English words. Such as:
1) Batter:- ( bat-er) - Subjecting someone or something to strong attack.
Usage - As he was a karate expert, he battered the man to death who annoyed his father.
2) Exacerbate:- ( ex-ac-er-bate) - make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Usage - If you do not take your medicine, your condition will exacerbate, and you will feel worse.
3) Combative- (com-bat-ive) -Someone who shows excessive willingness to fight.
Usage - The politician was a very combative man, and he refused to give up even when polls showed he was certain to lose the election.
4) Abate - (uh-beyt) - To reduce the intensity of something, to beat the severity of something
Usage - I hope this medicine will abate the pain in my leg.
5) Disapprobation - (dis-ap-roh-bey-shun) - strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.
Usage - I lied about my failures in the exam because I did not want to experience my parents’ disapprobation.
6) Rebate - ( re-bate) - beat down, drive back, Money that is paid back.
Usage - The government rebates part of your own and your employer's National Insurance contributions into the plan.
7) Embattled - ( em-bat-l) - make (an army) ready for battle ,fortify (a building or place) against attack.
Usage - It was three o'clock before the king's army was embattled.
8) Debatement - ( de-bate-ment) - A discussion involving opposing points; an argument.
Usage - Without debatement further more or less, He should those bearers put to sudden death
9) Go to bat for (Idiom) - to defend someone
Usage - She's one of my closest friends in the world - I would go to bat for her any day.
10)Not Bat an eye - to show no emotion or surprise.
Usage - The murderer didn't bat an eye when the jury announced its verdict of guilty.
We hope you found this session helpful in Vocabulary Preparation. We will come back soon with our next session. Also, you can go through our previous articles from the list given below:
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